Peter The Great

Yazmin, Chris, Bayli

Biography

Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov was born in Moscow, Russia on June 9, 1672. The Boyar Duma (a council of Russian nobles) chose the 10-year-old Peter to become Czar with his mother as regent. This arrangement was brought before the people of Moscow, as ancient tradition demanded, and was ratified. Peter the Great was a Russian czar in the late 17th century who is best known for his extensive reforms in an attempt to establish Russia as a great nation. Peter grew to be extremely tall as an adult, especially for the time period. Standing at 6 ft 8 in (203 cm) in height, the Russian tsar was literally head and shoulders above his contemporaries both in Russia and throughout Europe. He died February 8th, 1725 in St. Petersburg, Russia.
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Absolute Monarchy

Absolute Monarchy or despotic monarchy is a monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people. An absolute monarch wields unrestricted political power over the sovereign state and its people.

Divine Right

Divine Right- the doctrine that kings and queens have a God-given right to rule and that rebellion against them is a sin.

Explanation

Peter the Great was one of Russia's most powerful monarchs. He used the idea of "divine right" to inherit the title of Czar along his family lines. He used his powers as an absolute monarch to build a large army and navy and wage expensive wars. He wanted to expand Russia and the title of Czar allowed him to. He was intent on making Russia the most powerful country in the world. In 1700 he declared the Northern War with Sweden, which lasted 21 years. It also gained him the city of St. Petersburg. He built the city on a swamp and thousands of workers died just to get the Czar what he wanted. He used the divine right to make them do what he wanted

Peter The Great's Major Accomplishments

  • He formed Russia's first army in 1699.
  • He focused on education in mostly Math and Science so his troops would have notion in angles, navigation, and engineering.
  • Peter acquired territory in Estonia, Latvia, and Finland.
  • He defeated the Swedish army by sending the troops to the city of Poltava
  • With his leadership he was able to transform Russia into the Russian Empire.
  • He succeeded in gaining the vast lands of the coast of the Baltic Sea.
  • Peter introduced the Poll Tax which gave him for funding for an Active Reign Policy and for boosting national manufacturing and trade.
  • Many were to say that Peter the Great of Russia was a good military and navy leader considering he was the one who got Russia the military and navy. He did more than just that, he improved the economy and got better education. He is remembered by the person who transformed Russia into a modern atmosphere. He wanted Russia to be more like the other European countries. With his significant strategies and his intelligence he managed to get enough done for Russia.