Five Religions of The World

By Ken Simmons Coach Rakestraw - 5th period

Judaism

Judaism is a religion followed by the Jewish people. (Also called Hebrew people) Jews believe in only one god. (Monotheistic) They call him many things like Jehovah, Yahweh, and many other things, but he is mostly just called god. The holy book of Judaism is called the Torah.

Some practices and rituals include daily prayer, following the mitzvoth ( The Ten Commandments),circumcision, and The Sabbath.

Major holidays include Hanukah, the Passover, Rosh Hashanah, and Yom Kippur.

Judaism is a religion started by Abraham the first Hebrew and is father of the Jewish people. He was promised that his son Isaac would inherit the land of Israel. Isaac's son Jacob had a son named Joseph. Joseph led his family into Egypt and the Jewish nation was created. They were at peace with the Egyptians, but as time went on they were brought into slavery. Moses a Jew who was the adopted son of the Pharaoh led the Jewish people out of slavery and they received the mitzvoth and the Jewish religion was really created.


Christianity

Christians are people who believe that Jesus is god and that he died for our sins so Christians can go to heaven after death.

Christians believe in only one god. (Monotheistic)

They call him Jehovah, Yahweh, Jesus, Heavenly Father, The Holy Spirit/Ghost, and many other things.

Christians believe that there are three beings that our all one god and our god. God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost.

The holy book of Christianity is called the Holy Bible.

Which consists of all of the Jewish Torah (which is known as the Old Testement) and the New Testament which tells the life story of Jesus and the story of the beginning of Christianity.

Some Christian practices and rituals include prayer, reading the bible, baptism, and attending Church.

Major holidays include Christmas and Easter. Another Christian holidays only take place in certain dominations, places of the world, countries, or races.

Christianity was started by Jesus' followers the twelve disciples. Specifically Peter. Early Christians were killed or put in prison for there believes they shared. In Rome this went on for a very long time. Eventually this became the lead religion of the Roman Empire and was spread through out Europe and continues to spread to the rest of the world.

Islam

Islam is a religion followed by Muslim people.

Muslims only believe in one god. (Monotheistic)

They call him Allah (same god as Jews and Christians)

Their holy book is called the Qur'an. (Based on the teachings of Muhammad.)

Some Muslim rituals and practices are daily prayer, fasting, daily confession of faith, paying the alms tax, visiting the sacred city Mecca.

Major holidays include Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha.

Islam was started by Muhammed. Who was claimed to be the last prophet of God. Muhammed preached to the people of Mecca to leave polytheism(believing in many gods) and to worship god. Some people converted, but many were killed for believing in one god. So the Muslims migrated away and the religion was spread.


Big image

Buddhasim

Buddhism is a religion followed by Buddhists.

Buddhism is a world wide religion. It is most popular in Asia. It is based on the teachings of Buddha.

Buddhists believe in no gods or god. They believe in spirituality and a force within the universe. Buddha is not there God.

They do not have a holy book, but they believe in "Four Noble Truths".

Some buddhist practices include yoga, bowing, offerings, pilgrimage, and chanting.

A Buddhist holiday is Vesak. Vesak is Buddha's birthday.

Buddhism started by a prince referred to as Buddha who left his palace life to discover and find out reasons for many questions like why people suffer. He looked at many different religions. He spent years meditating, praying, and practicing many other rituals.



Hinduism

Hinduism is a religion followed by Hindus. (Mostly people from India and Nepal)

Hinduism has now become a worldwide religion because of migration.

Hindus believe in over five hundred gods. (polytheistic)

Hindus do not have a holy book.

Some Hindu practices and rituals are praying, "four stages of life", yoga, Pooja, and many more.

Major holidays include Pongal, Holi, and Diwali.

Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world. It has no origin or founder. Much of its history is unknown it is all just tradition.


Big image
What is Religion?
What is Christianity?
Morning Practice: Muslim Prayer
Christianity from Judaism to Constantine: Crash Course World History #11