Russia

The Age of Absolutism by Connor, Nate and Andrew

Brief History

In the 16th century, Russia expanded its territories and forged a powerful tyrannical rule under Ivan IV or Ivan the terrible. He took the title as czar of Russia this means Caesar and under his rule he performed terrible deeds, one of which was killing his son. the Romanov Dynasty took over in 1613 after Ivan and formed a dynastic dominance that lasted until 1917. Russia emerged as a great power during this time. Peter the great contributed to Russia's newfound power. He formed the first Russian navy, organized the Russian army, he employed Russians and Europeans as officers in the Russian army, he drafted an army of 210,000 men. Peter wanted to impose the rule of the central government more positively, to do this he divided Russia into provinces. He aimed to create a police state. A police state is a well-ordered community that is overseen by law. The next great ruler was Catherine the Great, she reigned from 1762-1796. Catherine the Great was the longest woman to rule Russia and during her reign Russia was revitalized, growing larger and stronger than ever and becoming recognized as one of the great powers of Europe.

What changed during the period

Many things changed during this time period, mostly when Peter the Great became the Czar. One of the major changes was reform in the Government which made Russia divide into many provinces and the creation of of a stronger, larger military.

Major Accomplishments

One of the largest accomplishments was the construction of Saint Petersburg. Built by Peter the Great, It became the capital of Russia from 1703-1918 and was a Russian Naval base.

Legacy of the Empire

The Romanov Dynasty left a very large legacy to the Russian Empire. This dynasty was one of the longest lasting dynastic powers in European history. The legacy that they left was mostly from Peter the Great's campaign when he built Saint Petersburg and made a larger military.

Religion of the Empire

The main religion of Russia during the Age of Absolutism was the Russian Orthodox Church and it's leader was known as the Patriarch.

Citations

Biography.com Editors. "Ivan the Terrible." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2015.


Biography.com Editors. "Peter the Great." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2015.


"Saint Petersburg." Wikipedia. N.p., 7 Dec. 2015. Web. 8 Dec. 2015.


Spielvogel, Jackson J., PH.D. Glencoe World History. Columbus, Ohio: Time, 2010. Print.


"The Emergence of Russia (Overview)." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.


"The-first-romanov." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2015.