# THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD

## Step One: Ask A Question

This is the start of the scientific method where you ask a question about something that you will later observe. Some type of questions you can ask are how, what, when, who, which, why, or where.

An example might be which piece of gum can create a bigger bubble. Super Bubble or Double Bubble.

## Step Two: Do Background Research

After you ask a question you need to do some background research about the topic, and you need to try and find the best way to go through the experiment to find the answer to your question.

An example might be that double bubble takes longer to chew which means it will take longer to create a bubble with this type of gum. Another thing about the gum is that Super Bubble has more sugar than Double Bubble, and that the more sugar there is the harder it is to create a bigger bubble.

## Step Three: Hypothesis

The next step is to create a hypothesis (an educated guess) the hypothesis must be stated in a way that it can be easily measured. It also has to link up to your original question and needs to answer the question. The hypothesis is usually stated like this “if____(I do this)_____, then ___(this) will happen”

An example of a hypothesis might be something like this: My hypothesis is that if you chew both types of gum (separately), then blow them into a bubble the Super Bubble will be bigger.

## Step Four: Test Hypothesis By Doing An Experiment

After you have created your hypothesis do an experiment to test it out. With the experiment comes observations and these observations will then prove if your hypothesis is true or false. When you’re conducting these experiments make sure that the tests are fair, and that they are a controlled by only changing one factor at a time while keeping everything else the same. When you’re conducting your experiment make sure to repeat the process of the experiment multiple times to make sure that the results are accurate.

(An example of this is:) to test the hypothesis we’ll need to conduct an experiment. This will consist of chewing the pieces of bubble gum and blowing them up. Do this multiple times for each gum type to get clear observations on the topic and to get an average.

## Step Five: Analyze Your Data And Draw A Conclusion

Once the experiments are in motion you need to collect all the data and measurements and see if the hypothesis from before is true or false. If a professional were to do this method and there hypothesis was incorrect they would usually go through the method again, but this time they would change something to try and get a different result than last time.

After the experiment you then need to recollect all of the data gained from the experiments/observations. Once you recollect the data find the averages of the info and see if the hypothesis from the third step is correct. For example maybe the observations were like this: Super Bubble: 3 in x 2 in, 3 in x 4 in, 3 in x 3 in. When you find all of the measurements you then need to find the average. After doing this I then found out that Super Bubble could indeed create bigger bubbles then Double Bubble.

If the hypothesis does not match the results usually professionals would do the whole procedure again.

## (!FINAL STEP!) Step Six: Communicate The Results

The final step in the scientific method is communicating the results of the experiments in a final report. Some ways professional scientists communicate their ideas is publishing their ideas in a final report in a scientific journal, or by presenting their ideas in scientific meetings maybe by creating a poster that reflects their results.

After you finish all the other steps you need to communicate the results. You can do this by creating a poster or you can just create something to display your info. After I finish this I will create an infographic.

## WHY DO SCIENTISTS USE THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD?

I think scientists use the scientific method because it is a helpful tool that helps keep them on the right track. What I mean by this is it keeps a steady and familiar flow to an experiment because this process could be done on basically any experiment. The scientific method is also good for creating an organized experiment it makes you think ahead and plan what you're going to do. Lastly I think scientists use this method because it is efficient, I say this because it has clear and simple steps to follow and this method has the main components an experiment needs, so without it the experiment will be much harder to complete and it wouldn’t turn out as good. Also it even said (in the method) to conduct a fair experiment you'll need to change only one variable at a time to make it a controlled experiment. This was part of the method and without this you'll get mixed results from the experiment and the experiment would be a complete failure. This concludes that the scientific method is a very important and useful thing to use while conducting an experiment. This process has helped a lot of people throughout history and maybe it will be passed onto you creating a world full of unknowns and endless possibilities.