Major Religions of the World

By: Olivia Warren

Christianity

Christianity is the largest religion in the world. All basic Christians believe in Jesus Christ, god, and the Holy Spirit. They believe in the bible and of its teachings. It is a monotheistic religions which means they only believe there is only one and true god.Major rituals include baptism which is a cleansing of sins and shows that you are converted. Christian holidays are Easter and Christmas. Easter is the resurrection of Jesus Christ and Christmas is a celebration of his birth.






What is Christianity?

Hinduism

Hindus believe in many gods which means its a polytheistic religion. They believe there is one god and many different gods from him.They have 9 beliefs that they follow for their life. Major holidays are Holi, Festival celebrating springtime, and Diwali. Rituals that they participate in include Puja, Temple rituals, meditation, and yoga. One of the oldest texts of Hinduism is the Vedas. There are two categories of Hindu texts. Shruti which is text that has been revealed and smriti which is text that has been remembered.


Hindu creation story

Buddhism

Bhuddists believe in Buddha or the enlightened or awakened one. There is no one universal book or text. Some of the common core tests include Vinaya Pitaka and the first four Nikayas of the Sutta Pitaka. Some common beliefs of Buddhists include Karma, Rebirth, and 4 noble truths. Meditation, mantras, mudras, and prayer wheels are all rituals they participate in. They have many holidays but some of the main ones include Buddhist new year and Buddha day.


What Is Buddhism?

Islam

Islamic followers are called Muslims and they believe in the 5 pillars.



  1. To believe there is one god and his prophet Muhammad
  2. To do the 5 daily prayers towards Mecca
  3. Concern and help towards the poor and needy
  4. Fasting for one month each year
  5. The pilgrimage to Mecca once in their lifetime

They believe the quaran to be there holy book. Rituals they participate in is the daily 5 prayers or Salah. These prayers are to be lead by one who knows the quaran and is chosen by the congregation. It is to always be faced toward Mecca. This prayer is to be done at dawn, mid day, late afternoon, sunset, and nightfall. The major holidays they celebrate include Eid al-ahha and Eid al-fitr. Eid a, - fitr is celebrated at the end of Ramadan which is the month of fasting from sunrise to sunset.


Beliefs in Islam

Judaism

Jews believe in 13 principles of faith


  1. God exists
  2. God is one and unique
  3. God is incorporeal
  4. God is eternal
  5. Prayer is to be directed to G-d alone and to no other
  6. The words of the prophets are true
  7. Moses' prophecies are true, and Moses was the greatest of the prophets
  8. The Written Torah (first 5 books of the Bible) and Oral Torah (teachings now contained in the Talmud and other writings) were given to Moses
  9. There will be no other Torah
  10. G-d knows the thoughts and deeds of men
  11. G-d will reward the good and punish the wicked
  12. The Messiah will come
  13. The dead will be resurrected

The major holiday in which they celebrate is Hannukah. Hannukah is an eight day celebration of the rededicating of the sacred temple. A ritual that Jews will perform is for young people going into adult life is a Bar/ Bat Mitzvah. Another ritual is a baby naming ceremony when the baby is born. They believe in Hebrew scripture and the Ten Commandments.

The Story of Judaism