The 1st and 7th Amendment

Basic Freedoms....and Suing People!

The 1st Amendment

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances"

These are all of your basic rights. It respects things including religion, speech, press, or assembly. It is by far the most important Amendment of all. Without these freedoms, American would not be the same.

Quick Facts:

-The First Amendment wasn't always first because it had not yet been ratified, along with the second one. It was soon moved to the top after discussion.

-The state cannot punish you for screaming and shouting obscenities at a sporting event.

-The First Amendment does not give any special privileges to members of the media that are not given to the common citizen.

There are 27 Amendments!

The 7th Amendment

"In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law."

This means you can sue anyone you want. But here's the catch-it has to be twenty dollars or more. The reason you sue someone also has to be accepted by jury to make sure it is for a real reason.

Quick Facts:

-The Seventh Amendment was ratified on December 15, 1791.

-It emphasizes the difference between Public Rights and Private Rights.

-In the 1700s, twenty dollars was a lot of money. Nowadays, any case dealing with $1500.00 dollars or less is dealt with in a small claims court that has no jury.

-This Amendment forbids anyone to set up their own court system.