Unit one assignment one

communication and employability

personal skills

job specific skills;

when applying for a job, there are certain skills you may need for that job for example you will need to have programming knowledge if you are to become a programmer for a large company, also if you were applying to be chef you would need to know how to cook things without needing the recipe in front of you. also if you applied for a sports job, if you were to come across lazy, you would most likely not get the position as a sports person is someone who needs to be active and train every day so if you do not have the right attitude, your chances of getting any job will be lowered.


General attributes;

when applying for a job you should make sure you have the attributes they are looking for, these could range from team or solo work to maths and english skills. it is import to have these skills as most jobs would want these skills. people will think you are more suitable if you show confidence when you apply as it could show the company/ interviewer that you can be confident in situations that could be needed in the future.


Attitude;

as i mentioned earlier, having the right attitude could make or break a job interview/ application. most jobs will be looking for someone who is reliable so they can trust them with challenges in the company. so if you look undetermined in an interview then that will make you look like you do not really want the job so you will most likely not get it. if you can show good leadership then you could be useful in the company. other factors could be you show you have integrity, adaptability and problem solving skills then it will make you look more suitable for the job.

Principles of effective communication

General communication skills:

this is knowing factors that may be difficult for the message you are trying to portray to be understood by the person you are trying to communicate with. one example of this is cultural differences. these can be something as simple as smiling. in Korea, if you smile at someone, they think that you find them funny so you offend them whereas in most other countries in the world, a smile is a sign of happiness and it could show you are glad to be there or glad that the other person is there.

another example is terminology. these are words that are specifically associated with a specific subject. for example the word Boolean. this is a data type in programming that can only have two values, usually true or false. where if you asked someone what Boolean meant who had no programming knowledge they would have no idea so you would just give them an explanation instead of giving them the name.

another is question and answers, if you are not sure if they understand what you are trying to get across then you may ask them questions or ask them if they have any questions. this can be useful as you can make sure that they have the correct information to what they need to understand what you want.


Interpersonal Skills;

these are skills that make it easy to communicate with another human being. an example of this is having good verbal communicating skills. if you can talk passionately about something then you come across as you know what you are talking about. this makes people more likely to listen to you so you could be used by a company to try and sell something if you can communicate well.

another example is sign language. if you know sign language then that can open up a whole new way that a company can try and promote themselves. now they can hold interviews with deaf people a lot faster and not have to wright everything down for them to understand what they are saying. another interpersonal skill is body language. if you stand still and have nothing to do whilst you are presenting something, it looks like you are not that bothered about what you are doing and it makes you look uninterested so potential customers will be.

communicate in writing;

these are skill that can be used in a text document that can make it look better, eye catching and make a potential customer want to read it and maybe buy the product.

to make it eye catching you could use emoticons. these stand out from plain presentations and make the reader more interested. if you have skills with the specific type of communication that you are using, for example a letter or email. it can make you look like you know what you are talking about because the type of communication you are using looks professional. if you have correct grammar and spelling then you also look more professional as it looks like you have spent time on it.

Barriers to effective commumication

background noise and other distractions:

a background noise could be caused by many things, machines and people are examples. these can be very noticeable or barely noticeable. either way they do distract people. to minimise this, make sure that the room is empty with no other people and no other distractions which could cause noise.

use of jargon:

these are words associated with a subject. for example; java coding, using the words integer, string, double and expecting a listener to know what it means. avoid using these words for effective communication as the receiver is more likely to understand the word variable, with a quick description if needed.

lack of attention:

if the receiver gets bored or uninterested in the presentation then they may stop paying attention. to prevent this, give them a paper copy or use images to make it more appealing.

cultural differences:

this is when something is seen differently between cultures, for example in korea, smiling at someone is seen as offensive as you think they look stupid but in most other places, it is seen as you are enjoying yourself or as inviting. this means you should look up an cultural differences between you and anyone you may be presenting to.

physical barriers:

an example of this is that you are on the phone to somebody. you are not in the same room as them so you lose the ability to use body language, this means a vital way of communication is missing. to prevent this, make sure when you are presenting that you are in the same room or in a video call so then you can communicate using everything available to you, facial expressions and body language.