WAR of 1812
By: Jaydah Tucker
what its about
This will be explaining how the War began & ended.
Leading up to the war
- Great Britain angered the United States when it began capturing sailors American ships.
- Great Britain and United States were in conflict over the Northwest Territory
- The Prophet decided to attack nearby United States troops.
- William Henry Harrison, the governor of the Northwest Territory, led American soldiers against the Prophet.
- The battle was seen as a victory for the United States. After, Tecumseh joined British allies in Canada.
War with Great Britain begins
- War Hawks argued in favor of war against Great Britain.
- One reason the War Hawks wanted a war was because of the British attacks on American ships.
- In June 1812, President Madison gave into the War Hawks. Congress declared war on Great Britain.
The War at sea
- The American USS Constitution defeated a British warship.
- Another important naval victory was fought on Lake Erie, which is one of the Great Lakes
Battles on Land
- In August 1814, the British attacked Washington D.C.
- The British tried to capture the city of Baltimore, Maryland.
- On September 13, a fleet sailed toward Fort McHenry, which stood on an island in harbor and was defended by American troops. Finally the British gave up.
- A guy named Francis Scott Key, created a poem by looking at the American Flag, the poem is called THE STAR SPANGLED BANNER.
Fighting for New Orleans
- United States and Great Britain signed a peace treaty in the city of Ghent, Belgium, in December.
- In January 1815, before news of the peace had reached them, the British attacked the port of New Orleans, Louisiana.
- The British suffered more than 2,000 casualties, or people who were injured or killed.
- The Americans had only 71 casualties.
- Battle of New Orleans made Andrew Jackson a national hero.
The Return of Peace
- Britain and France ended in 1815, so did American problems with British naval policies.
- One major effect of the War of 1812 was many Americans felt more confident about their new nation.