Fig. Language, Theme, & Commas


Standards Addressed:

RL.5.2 – Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text

RL.5.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes

L.5.2 – Demonstrate command of the conventions not standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing (includes a-e.)

  1. Use punctuation to separate items in a series.*

  2. Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of the sentence

  3. Use a comma to set off the words yes and no (e.g., Yes, thank you), to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence (e.g., It’s true, isn’t it?), and to indicate direct address (e.g., Is that you, Steve?).


  • How can I determine the theme of a story when using details from the text?
  • How can I use clues to determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes?
  • How can I effectively and correctly use commas within my writings?

Why Do Authors Use Figurative Language?

Why use figurative language? Figurative language can be used for 4 main reasons to enhance writing and put emphasis on parts of writing.

1. Description (to provide vivid detail)
2. Characterization (to describe a character)
3. Emphasis (to make a point)
4. Sound (to appeal to the sense of hearing)

Figurative Langauge is a PIECE OF CAKE!

Activity 1: Figurative Language in Movies Video, Games & Task Cards

Watch the video below about figurative language that is used in so many movies. Once you finish watching, think about WHY movies incorporate figurative language? How does this enhance the movie? How does it make it BETTER? Jot your ideas down in your journal and then share with a friend. Once you finish this, click on the button below and play the game. Once you play the game, go to the station 1 drawer and get the task cards and complete theme with a friend. Complete this using the keys to success. Use the video you watch to help you complete it.
TIME for Kids Figurative Language Flash Cards Game

*Click on each card and guess which type of figurative language is being described. Then, flip the card over and see if you got it right. Keep track of how many you get correct and come see Mrs. Bush for a special treat!

Figurative Language in Movies

Activity 2: Quizlet Practice

Click on the Quizlet button and show what you know about figurative language. Practice using all of the fun features on the website including: flash cards, gravity, and more!

Activity 3: Write a Book on Big Universe

Go to Big Universe by clicking on the button. Login and click on the "Writing" tab at the top. Click Launch Writing Tool. Now, you can begin creating your own book. Your book must include at least one example of each type of figurative language. Use the posters above the sink in Mrs. Bush's room to ensure you have each type of figurative language. I also included a digital copy of these posters below for you to click on to review. Be sure to use correct grammar and clear writing structure. Your peers will interpret your book once you finish and decide what each figurative language example means. Be creative!

Activity 4: Menu Similes

Pick up a menu and a simile comparison sheet from the Activity 4 drawer. Use the menu and explore the delicious options the restaurant has to offer. Select two items to compare using a simile and the comparison sheet. You will create a simile comparing the two items. You will complete the simile comparison sheet -- writing and drawing in color. Once you finish, turn it into the Class 1/2 drawer and return the menu to the Activity 4 drawer. Be creative!
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Activity 5: PowerTest Assessment

Complete the PowerTest on Figurative Language that is in the Station 5 drawer. You can use your notes and the keys to success to help you answer each question. Once you finish, plug it into PowerTest on the computer, write your score at the top of the paper, and turn it into the class 1/2 drawer.

Activity 6: Theme Quick Movie Clips

Watch the embedded video and click on the buttons below and watch the short clips about THEME. Please listen carefully and put the movies in FULL SCREEN mode.
Identifying Theme

Activity 7: Theme Task Cards & Board Games

Review the three pictures below the heading THEME ANCHOR CHARTS. Then, go to the Station 7 drawer and complete the THEME task cards with a partner or two. You may not have a group bigger than 3 people. Read the directions in the bag. Once you answer a question correctly you can make a move in the board game. You will follow the same directions as you did last week with the board games.
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Theme Anchor Charts

Activity 8: Study Island Assignment: Theme

Complete the Study Island assignment under Bush RLA & Writing titled "Theme". Click on the assignment then click on LESSON. Read the lesson and watch the video before you begin. You must complete at least 10 questions and make above an 80%.
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Activity 9: Comma Mini Book & Practice Packet

Get the mini comma rule sheets from the Station 9 drawer. Cut these out and staple them together in to form a mini book. Glue the back page of this book in your journal. Then, complete the commas review packet to practice your comma skills from the Station 8 drawer as well. I highly recommend you use your notes about commas and your mini comma book to help you correctly place your commas on these sheets within the packet. Turn this packet into the Class 1/2 drawer when you finish.

Activity 10: Pasta Punctuation Game

Get a Pasta Punctuation Game out of the Station 10 drawer. Complete this game with a friend and check to see that he/she knows where to correctly place the commas. Use the pasta in place of writing in the commas. Check your answers as you go!
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Activity 11: Save The Commas Game

Click on the button below and play the game. Please continue to practice your commas skills until you have a high rate of accuracy (a great score).