Freedman's Bureau

What was the Freedman's Bureau?

The Freedman's Bureau is a U.S. agency that helps former slaves during Reconstruction.

How it helped former slaves in Georgia

  • Set up schools, colleges and churches
  • Issued food and clothing
  • Drew up many labor contracts


  • Fed millions of people
  • built hospitals and provided medical aid
  • negotiated labor contracts for ex-slaves
  • settled labor disputes
  • helped former slaves locate relatives


  • was underfunded
  • was understaffed
  • bureau agents were mistreated by whites

The Freedmen's Bureau was

  • established March 3, 1865
  • dismantled summer of 1872