Rom and Egypt comparison
Let's learn about Rom and Egypt
The ancient Egyptians made their houses using bricks made of chopped straw and mud. The mud was mixed with straw and then poured into molds which were then placed in the sun to bake into hard bricks. They white washed the walls using a mixture of lime and water and the rich homes varied from the homes of the poor in terms of the number of rooms and the flooring. The houses were also similar in appearance and had flat roofs.
Unlike the other arms used by the ancient Egyptians, swords were a direct consequence of the introduction of metal. There are no stone predecessors of this kind of weapon. Axes, arrows and spears have a long wooden handle or shaft and a small cutting or piercing head which was fashioned of flint during the Neolithic.
The cutting axe is a blade fastened to a sizable handle, the idea being to keep as far as possible from harm's way. As relatively little power was exerted the affixing of the blade to the handle was not very critical. The head was generally inserted into a hole or groove in the wooden handle and tied fast.
The cutting axe is effective against enemies who do not wear body armour and helmets, as was the custom in Africa, Egypt included. It disappeared as armour became more prevalent, which happened later in Egypt than in Asia, where as early as the 3rd millennium BCE Sumerians are depicted wearing helmets.
By the time of the Roman Republic (c.509—44BC), the use of steel in the manufacture of swords was well advanced and Roman swordsmiths smelted iron ore and carbon in a bloomery furnace (the predecessor of the blast furnace). The temperatures in these furnaces could not achieve the high levels required to fully melt the iron ore, so the swordsmith had to work with pieces of slag (residue left after smelting) or bloom (mass consisting mostly of iron), which were then forged into the required blade shape. These pieces or strips of cooling metal were welded together for increased blade strength. During this process the owner’s initials or full name were sometimes engraved onto the blade.
The Egyptians were great inventors and they made many objects that we still use today. They made objects like the shadoof, locks, paper, plows, medicine and eye make-up, an indication that they were highly skilled. Their paper, for example, was made out of papyrus, a plant very abundant in the Nile area. Another invention that changed the way the Egyptians lived was the first ox-drawn plow, which eased farming.