Abolitionist Literature

Get Slavery Out of Here!

The Legacy of Frederick Douglass

  • Born a slave, Frederick eventually escaped and bought his freedom years later.

  • Published first Autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

  • U.S. minister to Haiti

  • Douglass delivered his first speech at the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society regarding what the fourth of july really means to former slaves and Americans

  • Served as an advisor to Abraham Lincoln and other U.S. presidents.

  • Published newspapers such as The North Star, Frederick Douglass Weekly, Frederick Douglass' Paper, Douglass' Monthly and New National Era

  • Served as the U.S. Marshall for the District of Columbia and the District's Registrar of Deeds

  • In 1865, Mrs. Lincoln gave Frederick Douglass President Lincoln’s walking stick.

  • Throughout Reconstruction (1865–77) fought for full civil rights for freedmen and vigorously supported the women’s rights

  • served as assistant secretary of the Santo Domingo Commission (1871)

Uncle Tom's Cabin

  1. Biography:

Harriet Beecher Stowe was a famous abolitionist and author, best known for writing Uncle Tom’s Cabin. She was born June 14, 1811 in Connecticut, where she grew up, and she received schooling in literature beside many notable figures, including Fanny Fern. The inspiration for her most notable work came from a vision she had in church, in which she saw the plight of a dying slave. Using the intense emotion of the event as a catalyst, she decided to tell the tale of Uncle Tom and his Cabin. The unique emotional appeal of her work galvanized the abolitionist movement and consequently attracted more followers to the cause. Although it was not her intention, it is widely regarded that her actions contributed greatly to the start of the Civil War. After the war was won, she met with Abraham Lincoln at the White House. She died in her sleep on July 1, 1896, having lived to 85 years old.


  1. Summary:

Uncle Tom’s Cabin concerns the events in the life of three slaves after their respective sale and escape. The titular character is an obedient Christian man who has immense faith in God. The story also deals with a maid named Eliza, who runs away from her owners after overhearing plans to sell her son. After being pursued by a slave hunter, Eliza demonstrates compassion by saving his life and giving him medical treatment. This is paralleled by Uncle Tom, whose refusal to beat fellow slaves and stop preaching the Bible lead to his masters beating him to death. The novel deals with the themes of forgiveness and the complete brutality of the regime.

Slave Narratives

Briton Hammon

Briton Hammon was an african american man who left his captivity. He went down to florida on a ship, and was then captured by indians. he was then rescued by a captain of a ship from st augustine. when he went to havana he was subsequently jailed. eventually he was able to get the governor to get him back. He then attempted to escape unsuccessfully twice more before being freed.


This piece was valuable to the abolitionist movement for a few different reasons. First of all is showcases the hardships of being not only enslaved but also what one must endure after they are not under the control of their masters.It shows tha even free afrtican americans are at a great disadvantage and that escaping to liberty is often very bad, but not as bad as enslavement.


The slave narrative of briton hammon is considered most scholars to be the earliest of slave narratives. This means that Hammon was not influenced by any other slaves writing about their experiences. if at all, Hammon would have been influenced by simply hearing about other people's life narratives and he probably figured that he could write his own.


This Narrative inspires the american people to demand change in their political system for many reasons. First of all, it showed people how difficult life was for a man of african descent. It truly captured the emotional aspect of being a disadvantaged man in an unjust society. after seeing this it is likely that many people would've wanted to do something to change these problems.

Conclusion

The abolitionist writers inspired change in the United States by exposing the truth and horrors of being a slave. This opened the eyes of a vastly ignorant population of american citizens. Many of these writers were former slaves, so their works were very emotional and were a first hand account of the faults of the system of slavery. frederick Douglass influenced Lincoln’s policies and politics in order to provide more rights for blacks and to abolish slavery.