Hitler and his rise to power
Who was Hitler? (A brief summary of his life)
Adolf Hitler was born in Austria in 1889, to a loving mother but an abusive father, who he didn't get on with. Leaving school at the age of 16, he aspired to enter an art academy in Vienna to pursue his dream to be an artist. Things went wrong as he didn't get accepted, and looked around to see Jews and other foreigners excelling where he wasn't. This festered his hate for them, and by the age of 20, Hitler was living rough on the streets, hating his life and hating others.
He then joined the army to fight for his country in World War 1, in 1914. Hitler found something he was good at, and was awarded the Iron Cross for his service. After the war he stayed in the army but served in Intelligence. He always liked the ideas of government and law, and his activities led him to joining the German Workers Party in 1919. The party was led by Anton Drexler, and he realised Hitler's potential and put him in charge of the political ideas and propaganda of the party. The party arranged an extensive program and was renamed the 'Nazis.'
Hitler became leader of the party in 1921 and soon began attracting attention and forming himself and his country into the Hitler we learn of today.
But, how exactly did he come to power? And why did people support him? Read on to find out!
How did he come to power in 1933?
Hitler was a very influential and effective ruler. He, like many other political groups, believed that the Weimar Republic was weak, so he promised a strong government. Adolf also vowed to get rid of the Treaty of Versailles by taking back land and re-arming. Hitler's propaganda and persuasive ways made people believe that the Weimar politicians had stabbed Germany in the back in 1918.
Adolf Hitler also rose to power because he appealed to all classes: Junkers (aristocrats); who feared communism and wanted re-armament, Middle Class; who wanted law and order and also feared communism, Working Class; who wanted jobs, so he promised to end unemployment, and the Church; who supported Hitler because Communists were atheist.
Hitler began his rise to power in 1923, when he attempted the 'Munich Putsch', which was his plan to seize control of Munich and later stage a march on Berlin. Although his attempt failed, and he was arrested and put in prison, he used his trial to gain publicity. Even when he was in prison, he wrote a book of his ideas, entitled 'Mein Kampf.' More importantly, he changed his ideas about how to gain power and decided that he would take it legally, by using the democratic system, which he planned to destroy.
Why did people support Hitler?
Many wonder, why did the German citizens support Hitler? Quite simply, he promised people what they wanted. Unlike The Weimar Republic, who seemed to have no idea how to solve the problems of the Great Depression, Hitler and the Nazi party came forth and appeared to have a solution for all the complications.
Hitler was cunning in this way, as he used his hatred for Jews and other sections of society as scapegoats, blaming all the problems on them, which made the inhabitants hate them too. To the Germans at the time, Hitler made perfect sense and provided an answer and an explanation for all of the issues they were facing.
People in Germany were also tired of their poor quality of life and looked to Hitler to help make their country proud again. He pledged to restore German honour by tearing up the hated Treaty of Versailles and by making Germany great again.
All information was taken from my HSIE book.
- Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)
- The Daily Mail: Hitler
- How did Hitler come to power in 1933
- How did Hitler come to power?
- How did Hitler rule Germany?