Elf Owl vs. Barn Owl

Descriptions, and Similarities and Differences of two owls.

Elf Owl-Sophia

I picked an elf owl because I think they’re cute and they are very tiny. This picture of an elf owl is sitting in its natural habitat, a cactus in the desert is from an article called 5 Interesting Facts About Elf Owls

Did you know that these owls only grow to less than 15 cm tall?

Elf Owl Description

The elf owl is an incredible owl. It is the smallest owl in North America ant 5-6 inches long and a weight of 1-1.4 ounces. Most elf owls have a quick, shrill call that sounds like wee-wee-wee-wee-wee-wee, chook, chook, chook, chook. They youthful owls leave their nest when they are 28-32 days old. These owls flourish in areas where there are undisturbed cactuses.

Barn Owl-Joey

Barn owls have a heart shaped face. They are normally 14-21 inches long. This image came from a Cincinnati Zoo website.

Barn Owl Description

Barn owls lay 5-11 eggs. Chicks fly around eight to ten weeks after hatching out of it’s egg. Oklahoma teenagers are building nesting houses for barn owls. They are mostly found in the U.S.A. but not Antarctica.

Similarities and Differences


- Sophia

  • they are both found in North America stretching from Canada to Mexico
  • they both can be found living in deserts and suburban areas

- Joey

  • both can lay around 5 eggs
  • both can eat bugs, small mice, insects, and some mammals


- Sophia

elf owls are part of the strigidae family + barn owls are part of the tytonidae family

  • elf owls eat large insects, spiders, scorpions, + small reptiles + barn owls eat mostly small rodents, but also any mammal up to the size of a young jackrabbit
- Joey
  • the barn owl weighs 13-17.5 ounces + the elf owl weighs 1-1.4 ounces
  • the owls have different calls


Call- a sound an animal or person makes

Insects- an animal like spiders

Mammal- a type of animal

Strigidae- a family of nocturnal birds of the order Strigiformes

Suburban-located or residing in a suburb (A usually residential area or community outlying a city.)

Tytonidae-comprising only the barn owls

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Weight and amount of eggs from Barn and Elf owl

W of Elf is 1.4, W of Barn is 13, E for Elf is 1- 5, E for Barn is 5-11