The 5 main religions


Prayer- combination of physical actions, verbal sayings, and an internal feeling in the heart. Muslims are required to be in a state of calmness, serenity and humbleness while performing their prayers. Once the prayer is started, a series of sayings and actions are performed.

Major rituals- Fasting means to refrain from having all kinds of food and drink from dawn to sunset. Muslims are required to fast during the month of Ramadan every year.

Ramadan is a major holiday.


Christianity started around 1 AD. A Jew by the name of Jesus was crucified and resurrected 3 days later.

Christians celebrate Christmas and Easter.

The Christians worship God.

They have a book called the Bible.

Buddhism is a religion to about 300 million people around the world. The word comes from 'budhi', 'to awaken'. It has its origins about 2,500 years ago when Siddhartha Gotama, known as the Buddha, was himself awakened (enlightened) at the age of 35. There are many different types of Buddhism, because the emphasis changes from country to country due to customs and culture. What does not vary is the essence of the teaching — the Dhamma or truth.

Buddhists read on other books and difference and go towards the path of enlightenment. They have no god but follow teachings of Budda.


Hinduism's early history is the subject of much debate for a number of reasons.

Firstly, in a strict sense there was no 'Hinduism' before modern times, although the sources of Hindu traditions are very ancient.

Secondly, Hinduism is not a single religion but embraces many traditions.

Thirdly, Hinduism has no definite starting point. The traditions which flow into Hinduism may go back several thousand years and some practitioners claim that the Hindu revelation is eternal.

Hinduism is polytheistic. They worship multiple gods. They do not have a book of worship.