Investigation B

Russian Revolution

What roles did Trotsky, Lenin, and Kerensky play in the Bolshevik takeover?

Trotsky: Trotsky was given the role to assemble the Bolshevik forces to fight against the anti-Bolshevik forces

Lenin: Lenin was vital to the Bolshevik's maintenance of power and to the start of the Revolution.

How were women involved in the Russian Revolution?

Lenin's Bolshevik party understood that Soviet women would never be politically and socially equal unless they were put in the work force. Even during a civil war and being on the verge on foreign take over, the Soviet Union did its best to exercise the thought of allowing women to work.

The turning point was 1914, when the war had started. The number of women working in industrial centers rose to over 1 Million when over 250,000 women joined the workforce from 1914 to 1917. Peasant wives had also started to take over the work of their husbands while they were out fighting. Tasks included cultivating fields, planting seeds, harvesting, and occasionally hunting. Women also disguised themselves as men and joined soldiers on the front lines in small battles and thousands more joined as nurses.

What steps did the Communists take to industrialize the Soviet Union?

It started out with Stalin realizing that Russian needed to become a world power. Then slowly he started to spend less money on agriculture and farming and more money was spent towards the building on factories, trucks, tractors, trains etc. Farmers were forced to move to cities to find a low paying job in factories.

Farms, which were similar to family businesses, were collectivized by the government. This meant that the government basically took over the farm and all of its profits for almost no cost at all. This was done to increase the profit going towards the government to help fund federal project such as the ones listed above.

To what extent did the Stalinist regime respect the human rights of the various ethnic groups that lived within the Soviet Union?

During the Soviet Industrialization, the feelings and rights of people were disregarded for the cause of better industry. Once Stalin had reached his goal of "factorization" and mass industry, the rights of people were reinstated. People were once again given the basic rights that they were given before such as Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Movement, Freedom to Vote, Economic freedom, etc.

But then, an issue occurred. Soviet Jews were not allowed to emigrate to Israel. After years and years of protest, the nickname refusinkis was applied. After much influence, they were granted permission to go to Israel or whever they desired to go but under one condition. They had to come back to Russia in under one year. Failure to do so was considered treason worthy of a death penalty and usually resulted in a jail term of up to 15 years.