Biomedical Treatment for Autism

Autism, related causes and diagnosis

Autism, related causes and diagnosis

What is Autism?

Autism is a lifetime intellectual disorder that affects the way person communicates to other people. It may also effects visual and hearing senses causing many other physical issues. People with Autism Spectrum Disorders, can have similar difficulties but many different symptoms which makes every presentation unique. Some have problems with speech but can understand conversation, while other sufferers not only have difficulty understanding conversation, but don’t understand the basic concept of reciprocal conversation. Whilst many people with autism are able to live independently there are others who rely completely on other people for even the most basic daily needs.

Causes of autism:

Current estimates of the number of people suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorders in U.K, Scotland, Wales, England, and Northern Ireland is thought to be one in a hundred. The exact cause of autism is still unknown although it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental. Autism effects the early development of the brain. Excessive neuronal growth is thought to lead to a misfiring and lack of communication between brain structures. However, although this process is occurring very early in life, most symptoms don’t become obvious until age 3.

Diagnosis of Autism:

Parents are often the first people to recognize that something is ‘not quite right’ with their child’s behaviour. However, the behaviours need to be present for at least six months before diagnosis can be made. Early indication of autism may include some of the following symptoms:

1. Very little direct eye contact.

2. Little or no response to his/her name being said repeatedly

3. No childish and joyful expressions by six months.

4. No sharing of facial expressions and sounds.

5. Difficulty in imitating or repeating words by even 2 years.

6. Many communication and social issues in adult age.

7. It is difficult for some patients to make relations and new friends.

If parents are confused about the diagnosis then they may take their child to a Psychologist. A diagnosis will not be made unless three professionals agree that the child is autistic. Typically this will include a Psychologist, a Paediatrician and a speech therapist. Although there is no blood screening currently available to test for the presence of autism, psychologists are able to use screening tools such as the M-CHAT (Modified Checklist of Autism in Toddlers) to determine the likelihood that your child has autism. If you are in any doubt, please contact the Behavioural Neurotherapy Clinic in Doncaster. This clinic specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of autism and can help formulate a treatment plan for your child.

ADHD symptoms and treatment options

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the condition, mostly found in boys, characterized by behavioral and learning disorders. Nearly 1 in 10 children are affected with the problem of ADHD. These problems not only affect the children but also affect the people in the family and friends, i.e. affected children are also difficult to treat with.

Most important symptoms of ADHD include inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Other symptoms are usually related to these major problems. It is possible that problems of inattention may not be apparent until the child enters into the most challenging phase of his or her life such as the time of going to schools. Adults may show the problems of inattention during work or in social situations. Sometimes, patients of ADHD produce work that clearly shows carelessness. Patients of ADHD are also easily distracted by the external stimuli and other interrupting tasks. They also find it difficult to complete their schoolwork or other related tasks that require attention and concentration.

As a result of less concentration, they frequently move from one uncompleted task to another. Patients of ADHD are disorganized in their work habits and they may show the problem of forgetfulness. Patients of ADHD also show the problem of hyperactivity such as the excessive running or climbing or frequent walking or running. They find it difficult to play or work quietly and they talk excessively. Treatment for ADHD mostly consists of changes in lifestyles but also consists of neurofeedback therapy.

This method of treatment is found to be efficacious and can be used as the primary treatment of ADHD. It is efficacious method in case of inattention and impulsivity in patients. It is found to be as efficient as the use of stimulants in relieving 70% to 80% of children with ADHD. It is also considered as the safe method having no adverse side effects. Lifestyle changes and proper use of nutrition could also help in the treatment of ADHD. Some of the proteins and enzymes can also help in relieving some of the problems of ADHD such as the ability to talk, planning ahead and abstract thinking.

Australian Autism ADHD Foundation


The Foundation aim is to conduct research into causes and treatment for Autism and ADHD. We aim to find the most effective treatment option for these disorders and stop their exponential rise. We are on target to build a world class treatment and research centre.