Gergor Mendel

Father of modern genetics

Who was he?

He discovered the basic principles of heredity from many different experiments in his garden. His many observations became the foundation of modern genetics, and the study of heredity.

Early Years

In grade school Mendel was recognized as a gifted child and sent to a boarding school in German town of Opava. Mendel entered the Augustinian Monastery in Brno, a city in the Czech republic, and was christened "Gregor". The head at the monastery (Abbot) decided to send Mendel to the university of Vienna to sharpen his education. In 1853 he finished his degree and returned to the monastery.

Experimental Design Description

He studied heredity by using two different kinds of pea plants.


1. He crossed yellow peas with green peas and he would always end up with yellow peas and never green ones.

2. He didn’t know where the green trait went, so he took two pea plants from the new batch and most of the peas were yellow, but some of them came out green.

Explain what this data means

Mendel was trying to figure out in the beginning where the green trait went, when he crossed a yellow pea plant with a green pea plant. He came up with two terms Dominant and Recessive traits. He tried his theory on apples as well. He discovered that most everything has a dominant trait when you cross it with something else. The color, taste, size, texture, etc..

Scientists Reactions

At first they didn’t really care too much about it, because they didn’t think it would actually relate to actual organisms. In the 1900's three scientist began to rediscover everything that Mendel had experimented. They noticed that by Mendel doing all of this they can better understand the flow of genetics and all of the patterns.


They named him the father of genetics because of all of his research that he had done, they started a foundation of modern genetics and the study of heredity.