TUNDRA

By: Madison Maxey

Description

The Tundra has many great factors about its ecosystem, one is that it is the coldest biome. The Tundra is known for its special soil- permafrost ( under-layer of soil which remains completely frozen at all times ). This biome has many fascinating animals and plant life such as, Pika, Polar bears, Reindeer moss and Diamond Leaf Willows. If you lived in the Tundra then you would experience little precipitation that mainly is snow fall. Overall, the Tundra is a beautiful, cold habitat.
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Abiotic Factors

  • Soil (permafrost)
  • Cold Temperature
  • Little Precipitation
  • Glaciers
  • Small Biotic Diversity

Tundra Food Web

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Tundra Climate

The average yearly precipitation is 6 to 8 inches of rain and snow, but most of the precipitation is snow.


Temperatures:

Winter~ -30˚F (-34˚C)

Summer~ 37-54˚F (3-12˚C)

Permafrost

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Tundra Plant Life

  • Low shrubs
  • Grasses
  • Reindeer Moss
  • Pasque Flowers
  • Diamond Leaf Willows


Soil Type: Permafrost

Tundra Animal Life

There are many animals in the Tundra biome, some include Caribou, Water birds, Polar Bears, Mosquitos, Snowy Owls, Grizzly Bears, Pika and Norway Lemmings. All of these animals play an important role in the Tundra ecosystem.

Why Do We Need The Tundra?

We need the Tundra biome because, It contains permafrost which has the ability to preserve plants and animals in the cold ice for long periods of time. Scientist can use the permafrost as a record of the past to learn about climate and possibly extinct species.

How Do Humans Affect The Tundra?

Humans affect the Tundra greatly, we cause air pollution, destruction of habitat and extra heat caused by rapid production of buildings and roads. We also kill some of the Tundra's indigenous animals.

What do humans do to help the Tundra?/ What can humans do to protect the Tundra?

We can protect the Tundra by switching to alternative energy, establishing protected land in the Tundra regions,and by limiting road construction and tourism. Humans have already been trying to protect the land and limit construction.

What Is The Tundra Known For?

The Tundra is known for its, frost-molded landscapes, extremely low temperatures, little precipitation, poor nutrients and short growing seasons.

Tundra Fun Facts!

  • Because of the extremely low temperatures in the Tundra, most organisms get their nutrients from the decaying of dead organic material.
  • The Tundra biome covers about 20% of the earth.