Kinetic and Potential Energy

by: Jake Lear

Kinetic Energy

Kinetic Energy is energy that something possesses as a direct result of it's movement/motion. On the same note, all moving things have kinetic energy. An object keeps the same amount of kinetic energy unless it speeds up or slows down. Kinetic energy can occur in any direction whether up and down or left to right. When an object collides with another object, it transfers its kinetic energy to the other object. An example of kinetic energy would be a variety of things from a ball rolling down a hill, to someone mowing their lawn.

Potential Energy

Potential energy is the stored energy of position possessed by an object. The three main types of potential energy are gravitational potential energy, chemical potential energy, and elastic potential energy. Gravitational potential energy is the energy stored in an object as the result of its vertical position or height. Chemical potential energy is a form of potential energy that can be absorbed or released during a chemical reaction. Lastly, elastic potential energy, which is energy stored in elastic materials as the result of their stretching or compressing. Elastic potential energy can be stored in rubber bands, bungee chords, trampolines, springs, an arrow drawn into a bow, etc.