Greenland Norse/ Inuit

Nate Essigs and Isabel Neeleman

Thesis

There are several factors that lead to the collapse of the Greenland Norse Civilization.

These factors include climate change, environmental change, and famine.

Climate Change

Greenland went through climate change that can be directly linked to the collapse of their civilization. The general trend was Greenland got cooler this caused several issues the most prevalent being, hunting became next to impossible with all of the ice. This lead the people to ice fish and hunt whales and other sea fearing mammals. These are not the best way to secure food and when combined with the fact that the majority of people who moved to Greenland where European Christian farmers who do not know how to fish for a living. Moreover the ice pack mad walking on the land hard for cattle and even harder for the people. To continue with overseas trade became impossible with all of the icebergs, this was a serious issue because the only real way to communicate and trade was by boat. Once the ships stop flowing the people of Greenland could not get the goods they need to survive

Enviromental change

Greenland not only had a major climate change that brought them down but the way they changed the environment. Deforestation was a major component to the crash. The people didn't know any better at first by chopping down many trees to build houses, furniture and for fuel. One home even took up 10 acres of land to gather just enough materials. However, because of the cold climate, trees, plants and grass grew very slowly, and materials were running scarce. When everything was cleared away, even the top soil was taken away, ripping up roots and everything taking twice as song to replenish. Also without anything on the ground, livestock could not be fed the proper nutrients especially with the cold climate. Additionally, as it got colder, more and more wood was used for fires. With the soil frozen and bare, crops were stunted and came slower then the people thought. The environment is a large part in expanding and without it running smoothly, the people don't know how to reacts because its the only thing keeping them alive.

Famine

There was a famine that could have been caused the cooling was a major factor that led to the collapse of Greenland. Researchers and scientist found that bones from the period 990 to 1110 were significantly malnourished. This famine could have happened because the increased cold made it hard to trade and get the necessary goods to survive. Or it could be related to the crops could not sustain themselves in the extreme cold. Another factor that could have lead to the famine was people where not prepared to deal with having to fish to survive the majority of inhabitants where farmers not experienced fisherman.

Biblography

Works Cited

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Ribeiro, Sofia, Dr. "Did Climate Change Cause Greenland's Ancient Viking Community to Collapse?" ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 20 June 2011. Web. 03 Mar. 2014.

Salem State, n.d. Web. <http://w3.salemstate.edu/~hbenne/pdfs/greenland.pdf>.

Slack, Alexandra. "Why Did Greenland Norse Fail as a Colony?" York.ac.uk, n.d. Web.

Slack, Alexandra. "Why Did Greenland Norse Fail as a Colony?" York.ac.uk, n.d. Web.