Mayans, Incas, and Aztecs

Crops, Religion, and Geography

The Mayans lived in Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, and Hondurans. They used canals to irrigate their crops. They also used a slash and burn method which worked like a fertilizer. The Incas lived in the Andes Mountains which is now Peru they also lived in Columbia, Ecuador, Chile, And Argentina. They used a method called terraced farming which is when they built walls and put the crops on top of them. The Aztecs lived in Central Mexico on Lake. For farming they used chinampas which were floating garden beds. They could grow seven different types of crops where the others could only grow one.


The Mesoamericans had many inventions that made their life easier. The Mayans made the first 365 day calendar, and a number system from 0 to 20. The Inca invented many highways and many roads, and also invented a language called quipu. The Aztecs have calendars for farming and religion, and they also made codies or illustrated book to read.

Quipu is a bunch of colored knots from string.


These civilizations have many traditions. The Mayans played a game and had a party every 20 days, and the team that lost got sacrificed because they didn't think they were good enough . The Incas worshiped lamas and alpaca. The Aztecs had a special dance called the Fire Dance. They did these dances because they thought it was going to summon rain for their crops.