Islamic Resolution

Essential Information

The Islamic Revolution of 1979's purpose was to end the Pahlavi Dynasty, which had two kings, Reza Shah and Muhammad Reza Shah. A shah was the title used for the former monarch of Iran. An important resource from this region, that has caused many nations to be interested in this region is oil.

It is important to know that most people in Iran are not Arabs, they are Farsi aka Persian.

As the supreme leader, Khomeini could appoint heads of of armed services, national TV, and radio stations.

Causes

Before the Shah became so autocratic (a ruler who has all of the power), there were some positive changes that he caused during his "White Revolution." Some of these improvements included oil revenues rising, as well as industry and education improving. The Muslim Cleric Khomeini disapproved of the Shah's "White Revolution" because the reforms would grant more rights to women and "Rigging of elections and other constitutional abuses, neglect of the poor, and the sale of oil to Israel."

When The 1975 Revolution started, it was not based off of problems with the Islamic religion, the Revolution was about dissatisfied Iranians and about how the government was corrupt and was not responding to the people's needs.

Effects

In 1975, the Shah's Resurgence Party took control. To ensure their authority, they pursued censorship, arrests, and torturing political prisoners.

Because of the criticism of Khomeini, his supporters protested. In response to these protests, the government police and army forces started firing on demonstrators, even killing some. The more brutal forces were used, the more the protests grew. The protester's problem with the West and America was that Americanism was the ideal goal, and that it was taking over their own culture. With the amount of protests against Western and American culture rising, the Shah retreated to the US.

Revolutions still happen in Iran. In 2009 - 2010 the "Green Revolution" was started because young people wanted more liberties. These young people were led by reformist Shia Clerics.

In America, the things that we usually remember about the Iranian Revolution is the burning of American Flags and the taking of hostages from the American Embassy.

Some consider the Iranian government restrictive because even today, a high percentage of criminals are executed.
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