The Justice System
Different levels of Federal Court Systems
The Supreme court: The highest court established by the Constitution.
Court of Appeals: There are a total of 13 circuits in our country.
District Courts: The lowest court and has 94 districts spread across the U.S.
Types of Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction: Overlap of two or more courts over the same cause of action
Original Jurisdiction: Authority to hear a case for the first time
Appellate Jurisdiction: Power to review a case based on a lower court decision
Responsibilities at each level of Federal Court System
Appellate Court: Hear appeals in specialized cases, such as those involving patent laws.
District Courts: Jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases, including both civil and criminal matters.