By : Emma L.
In 1609 , the Dutch East India Company in Holland hired Henry Hudson , an English sea captain . He set out to reach china by sailing across the top of Europe , near the Arctic Circle .
His crew grew tired of the ice and cold , they almost froze . They rebelled against their captain Henry Hudson . Hudson agreed to change course and sail west across the Atlantic instead .
In July , Hudson and his men reached Maine and sailed south to Chesapeake bay . Returning north , the ship entered a narrow harbor . Hudson saw a large body of water leading north .Believing this was the north passage , Hudson sailed realizing that it was only a river . ( Today it is called the Hudson river . ) But his voyage gave Holland a claim in north america .