The Flush Toilet
a.k.a the most important invention of the Renaissance era
- Sir John Harington, who was also the godson of Queen Elizabeth I, invented the first flush toilet in 1596 A.D.
- He named it Ajax.
- The queen was very enthusiastic about it, though the citizens weren't completely sold.
- Thomas Crapper invented the first modern flush toilet in the 1860s.
Modern v. Renaissance
Thomas Crapper eventually invented the modern toilet in 1861, which had a pull-chain system for flushing and an air-tight seal between the toilet bowl and the floor. He also patented multiple different piping systems for venting sewer gas. Though the purpose has hardly changed, the toilet has had major improvements since the Renaissance.