The Australian Government

Created by Christopher and Julie

What is a Government?

A government is made up of people who make decisions for things to benefit our society. In order for this to happen, the government makes rules and laws so people can follow. They are also in charge of making plans and events in particular areas. This includes of health, defence, transport and education. Governments make the right decision so that our country/people are safe.

What is the purpose of a Government?

The purpose of a government is to provide and benefit everyone, to meet people’s needs and wants, to make our country a democratic place and to have a saying for all.

What are the responsibilities of the three levels of Government?


How many- 1

Responsibilities- Defence, immigration and citizenship, money and banking, relationship with other countries, telecommunications, welfare payments and other types of financial assistance, foreign policy, trade, airport and air safety, employment and unemployment rules and Medicare.

State and Territory

How many - 6 state, 2 territory

Responsibilities- Hospitals, police and emergency services, public housing, regulating businesses, schools, state roads and transport.


How many - 721

Responsibilities- Community services such as child care and aged care, libraries, local planning and development, local roads, bridges and footpaths, recreational facilities, waste management, garbage collections and water and sewage services.

How do they Govern?


The federal government governs their relationship with other countries to keep in contact with news. The government is responsible for money and banking to make sure others have better opportunities with money. the federal government is also in charge of welfare payments and financial assistance to ensure our country has a better future and make accurate decisions to everyone.


The state government helps build roads for people to travel to different destinations. The state government assists healthcare and hospitals to benefit people's health. They are also responsible for schools to give money to expand learning.


The local government takes care of child care and aged care to engage on children/ elders education and health. The local government looks after local libraries to ensure everyone expands their mind over books and is a beneficial place to relax and read. The local government is also responsible for waste managements so our environment is clean and healthy for everyone.

The commonwealth constitution

Before 1 January 1901, Australia was made up of separate British colonies, which were ruled separately. The new constitution created a commonwealth which changed the colonies into different Australian governments. Australia has three different levels of government, Local, State and Federal. The Local government looks after the local area, the State government looks after the State, the Federal government looks after our country.

Can the Federal constitution be changed?

The Federal constitution can be changed but it needs to go through a complicated process. The Federal government must first vote so they can ask the Australian people their opinion. The governor general then must put the question to the voters. Once this part of the process is done the Parliament members must approve before any changes can be a part of the constitution.

Why is voting important?

Voting is important because it is a way to get the community member's opinion heard. It allows them to select a candidate who they think best represents a role model for their country for the next three years. This way the voter's can decide who they want to vote. Voting also helps our country to be more democratic.


Constitution - A group of basic principles or accepted people according to which a state or other organisation is acknowledge to be governed

Telecommunications - A over a distance by cable, telegraph, telephone or broadcasting

Welfare - the health and happiness of a person

Commonwealth - A group of sovereign States and their dependencies associated by their own choice and linked with common objectives and interests.