Battles of the Civil War

7 Significant Battles

1st battle: Battle of Fort Sumter

Fort Sumter is an island located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Fort Sumter is famous for being the site of the first shots of the civil war. Fort Sumter was still under construction when South Carolina left. There were no deaths during this battle. The only death was during the evacuation. One soldier was killed and one was mortally wounded in an accidental explosion during a planned 100-gun salute.

2nd battle: Battle of Philippi

The battle of Philippi is known as the "first land battle of the Civil War". This battle was an important step on George B. McClellan's path to becoming commander of the Army of the Potomac. General Robert E. Lee sent Mexican War Veteran Colonial George Porterfield to organize the troops. There were 30 deaths. 4 of them came from the Union. 26 came from the Confederate.

3rd battle: First Battle of Bull Run

The Confederate victory meant the war would not end quickly. It was clear that it would now be a long term, large scale struggle. Union casualties were 460 killed, 1,124 wounded, and 1,312 missing or captured. Confederate casualties were 387 killed, 1,582 wounded, and 13 missing.

4th battle: Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries

On August 28th, while the navy bombarded Forts Clark and Hatteras, Union troops came ashore and attacked the rear of the Confederate batteries. On August 29, Col. William F. Martin surrendered the Confederate garrison of 670. The total casualties were 773.

5th battle: Battle of Ball's Bluff

Confederate Brig. Gen. Nathan Evans stopped a badly coordinated attempt by Union forces under Brig. A timely Confederate counterattack drove the Federals over the bluff and into the river. More than 700 Federals were captured. Col. Edward D. Baker was killed. The total casualties were 1,070.

6th battle: Battle of Belmont

At 9:00 in the morning, an engagement began. The Federals routed the Confederates out of their Belmont cantonment and destroyed the Rebel supplies and equipment they found because they did not have the means to carry them off. The scattered Confederate forces reorganized and received reinforcements from Columbus. The total casualties were 1,464.

7th battle: Battle of Fort Henry

While leaving artillery in the fort to hold off the Union fleet, he escorted the rest of his force out of the area and sent them safely off on the route to Fort Donelson, 10 miles away. Tilghman then returned to the fort and, soon afterwards, surrendered to the fleet, which had engaged the fort and closed within 400 yards. Fort Henry’s fall opened the Tennessee River to Union gunboats and shipping as far as Muscle Shoals, Alabama. The total casualties were 119.