Stop Child Labor!

By: Haley Grainger

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Chimney Sweep

A chimney sweep was very dangerous and had terrible conditions.

Jobs Children Did In Factories

  • Most children worked in the mills, and had to work with the dangerous machinery
  • Some young boys worked as match dippers. Their job would be to dip matches into an element called phospherous
  • Boys would work in the coal mines as coal bearers. They had to carry the coal in large baskets on their backs
  • Young ladies usually worked on the sewing machinery, they had to shut down many of the machiens before fixing a machine
  • Chimney sweeps started working between the ages 5 and 10, they had to clean the insides of the chimneys
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Factory Conditions

Working in the factories was rough and horrifing. You never knew when you were gonna lose a leg or arm. The employees weren't even dressed properly, as in the picture the child doesn't have shoes on.

Hours, Food and Working Conditions

  • Employees worked 14-16 hours a day, six days a week
  • had low wages for employees
  • The factories were very overcrowded
  • The food was cold and could only have one serving because their wasnt enough
  • The factories were dirty and had no sanitation codes causeing many workers to get sick
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In the picture above, is a past worker who may have had his arm cut off while working on machinery. which makes him useless to the factory owners and will fire the young boy.

Accidents That Often Happened

  • In mill towns, many workers could be seen who had lost an arm or a leg to the machinery.
  • The pollution and dust that were constantly in the air led to the illness known as mill fever.
  • Many injuries occured because workers didnt have the correct equipment as needed.
  • One hospital reported that every year it treated nearly a thousand people for wounds and mutilations caused by machines in factories.
  • it was recorded that a 10 years old girls aprone got caught in a shaft, she had many deep cuts and serevere wounds
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A young women being punished for not correctly doing her job.

Punishments Children Faced

*Children were usually hit with a strap to make them work faster

* In some factories children were dipped head first into the water cistern if they became too tired to work

*Parish apprentices who ran away from the factory was in danger of being sent to prison

*Factory workers were expected to go to work on time and to do their part regularly and well. If they failed to follow the rules, they would be fined

*major crimes, Such as breaking a machine, always resulted in death.

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Efforts To Stop Child Labor

*National Child Labor Committee in 1904, which shared goals of challenging child

*National Consumers’ League in 1899

*common initiatives were conducted by organizations led by working women and middle class consumers, such as state Consumers’ Leagues and Working Women’s Societies

*1832 New England unions condemn child labor

*1836 First state child labor law-Massachusetts requires children under 15 working in factories to attend school at least 3 months/year