Stop Child Labor!
By: Haley Grainger
Jobs Children Did In Factories
- Most children worked in the mills, and had to work with the dangerous machinery
- Some young boys worked as match dippers. Their job would be to dip matches into an element called phospherous
- Boys would work in the coal mines as coal bearers. They had to carry the coal in large baskets on their backs
- Young ladies usually worked on the sewing machinery, they had to shut down many of the machiens before fixing a machine
- Chimney sweeps started working between the ages 5 and 10, they had to clean the insides of the chimneys
Hours, Food and Working Conditions
- Employees worked 14-16 hours a day, six days a week
- had low wages for employees
- The factories were very overcrowded
- The food was cold and could only have one serving because their wasnt enough
- The factories were dirty and had no sanitation codes causeing many workers to get sick
Accidents That Often Happened
- In mill towns, many workers could be seen who had lost an arm or a leg to the machinery.
- The pollution and dust that were constantly in the air led to the illness known as mill fever.
- Many injuries occured because workers didnt have the correct equipment as needed.
- One hospital reported that every year it treated nearly a thousand people for wounds and mutilations caused by machines in factories.
- it was recorded that a 10 years old girls aprone got caught in a shaft, she had many deep cuts and serevere wounds
Punishments Children Faced
*Children were usually hit with a strap to make them work faster
* In some factories children were dipped head first into the water cistern if they became too tired to work
*Parish apprentices who ran away from the factory was in danger of being sent to prison
*Factory workers were expected to go to work on time and to do their part regularly and well. If they failed to follow the rules, they would be fined
*major crimes, Such as breaking a machine, always resulted in death.
Efforts To Stop Child Labor
*National Child Labor Committee in 1904, which shared goals of challenging child
*National Consumers’ League in 1899
*common initiatives were conducted by organizations led by working women and middle class consumers, such as state Consumers’ Leagues and Working Women’s Societies
*1832 New England unions condemn child labor
*1836 First state child labor law-Massachusetts requires children under 15 working in factories to attend school at least 3 months/year