By: Mia Valdovinos

My 3 European Countries!

Introduction!

My project is about Spain, Cyprus and Italy. Some of tyne information below is the basic blocks of the countries. The countries also go into depth about money wise, climate and the surroundings around them.

Spain!

  • Government Type: Parliamentary Monarchy
  • Leader and Title: President of Government - Mariano Rajoy
  • Limited or Unlimited: Unlimited
  • European Union Member: Yes
  • Current Government event or concern: Spain tightens rule for bottled olive oil.
  • Historical Political Event: Spain remained neutral in World War 1 and 2 but suffered through a devastating Civil War (1936-1939)
  • Historical Monument: Andalusian- Arab polymath Ibn Rushd (1126-1198)
  • Population: 47,370,542
  • % arable land: -24.75 %
  • Agriculture: Grain, Vegetables, Olives, White Grapes, Sugar Beets, Citrus, Beef, Pork, Fish etc.
  • Example of Human Environment Interaction: Textiles and apparel, food and beverages, metals, chemicals, tourism etc.
  • GDP: $1.306 trillion
  • GDP per capita: $30,100
  • Currency: $-15.14 billion
  • Exchange Rate to US dollars: Euros -.7752
  • Language: Castilian Spanish
  • Religion: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%
  • Cultural Foods: Paella (Spanish Rice Dish) / Gazpacho Manchego - cold soup
  • Music/Literature: National Anthem - "Himno Nacional Espanol"
  • Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, Southwest of France.
  • Climate: Clear hot summers, moderate and cloudy along coast
  • Topography: large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills, Pyrenees Mountains in North

Cyprus!

  • Government Type: Republic
  • Leader and Title: President Nicos Anastasiades
  • Limited or Unlimited: limited
  • European Union Member: Yes
  • Current Government Concern: Cyprus seeking to rebuild its economy after collapse of its banking industry
  • Historical Political Event: Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule
  • Historical Monument: Kalarasos - Tent
  • Population: 1,155,403
  • % arable land: -.06%
  • Agriculture: Citrus, Vegetables, Grapes, Barley, Pork, Dairy, Olives etc.
  • Human Environment Interaction: Copper, Gupsum, Timber, Salt, Pigment
  • GDP: $22.69 billion
  • GDP per capita: $26,800
  • Currency: -1.506 billion
  • Exchange rate in US dollars: Euros -.7752
  • Language: Greek (official), Turkish (official), English
  • Religion: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, other 4%
  • Famous Landmarks: Buyuk Han, Nicosia
  • Cultural Foods: Halloumi - a cypriot cheese made from sheep or goat milk
  • Location: Middle East, Island in the Mediterranean Sea, South of Turkey
  • Climate: temperate, hot, dry summers, and cool winters
  • Topography: Central Plain with Mountains to North and South scattered but significant plains along Southern Coast


Italy!

  • Government Type: Republic
  • Leader and Title: Prime Minister- Enrico Letta
  • Limited or Unlimited: Limited
  • European Union Member: Yes
  • Historical Political Event: An era of parliamentary government came to a close is the early 1920's when Bentio Mussolini established a fascist dictatorship
  • Population: 61,482,297
  • % arable land: -22.57%
  • Agriculture: Fruits, vegetables, potatoes, sugar, beets, beef, dairy, fish etc.
  • Human Environment Interaction: Tourism, Clothing, Chemicals, Iron and Steel etc.
  • GDP: 1.863 trillion
  • GDP per capita: 30,600$
  • Currency: Euros
  • Exchange Rate in US dollars: 0.78
  • Major Economic Activities: A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed
  • Language: Italian, German, French, and Slovene
  • Religion: Christain 80%, Muslim, Atheist and Agnostics 20%
  • Famous Landmarks: Leaning Tower of Pisa
  • Cultural Foods: Caffe, pasta, meat and fish
  • Music/Literature: National Anthem (The Song of the Italians)
  • Location: Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean sea
  • Climate: Hot and dry in the South, Alpine in the North
  • Topography: Mostly rugged and mountains, some plains, and costal lowlands