Cell Organelles

By: Jaiya Correll-Greene

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Cell Membrane/Plasma

Structure: It is located in the outer area of the cell

Function: Protects cells from the outside environment.

Both

Cell Wall

Function: Protects the cell from the outside environment.

Both

Nucleus

Structure: This cell organelle is found in most eukaryotic cells.

Function: Used to carry genetic information.

Both

Nucleolus

Structure: The nucleolus is a spherical object inside the cell nucleus.

Function: Produces ribosomes.

Both

Cytoplasm

The jelly-like substance that fills the cell. It is the substance of the cell and works to keep all the cell organelles together.

Centrioles

Centrioles are organelles that are only found in animal cells, they're used to help the division process of a cell. The processes are mitosis and meiosis.

Chromatin

This cell organelle job is to correctly encase DNA, so it's small enough to occupy the cell nucleus and shield the DNA sequence and structure.

Ribosomes

Function: Produce or synthesize proteins using amino acids.

Structure: Usually, they can be found floating in cytosol.

Both

Golgi Apparatus

Function: Collects simple molecules and combines them to produce more complex molecules. The larger molecules are stored in vesicles or sends them out the cell.

Chromatin

Function: Packages DNA

Chloroplast

Function: Creates food for the cell.

Plant Cell

Mitochondria

Function: Breaks down nutrients to produce energy for the cell.

Both

Lysosomes

Function: Digest; holds enzymes created by the cell.

Animal Cell

Peroxisomes

Function: Subdues harmful toxins and carries out lipid metabolism.

Both

Vacuole

Function: Stores nutrients and food for the cell.

Both

Cytoskeleton

Function: Provides structure for the cell.

Both

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