Modern Dance

Bárbara Alves- 4th Period

DICTIONARY

A

Abduction

Movement away from the midline on the lateral plane.
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B

Brush

Gliding the foot along the floor, also known as a tendu in ballet.
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C

Chassé

(to chase/slide) a movement where one leg chases the other, it creates a jump where the legs come straight together in the air. This movement can be done in different directions and also turning at the top of the jump (chasse en tournant).
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D

Degage

When the foot brushes off the floor up to 45 degrees.
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E

Extension

To straightened a joint, to extend, and elongate. To increase the angle
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F

Femur

Thighbone, large bone of the upper leg
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G

Grapevine

step side, step back, step side
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H

Head of Femur

A ball-like bone on the upper end of the femur (thigh) that articulates with the acetabulum, comprising the hip joint.
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I

Isolation

The ability to hold one part of the body still while moving another part.
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J

Jump

A transfer of weight (usually with elevation) from two legs to two legs.
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K

Kinesthetic

The perception of movement through aural, tactile, articular, muscular, vestibular channels.
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L

Lateral shifts

The transfer of weight from side to side.
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M

Martha Graham

(May 11, 1894 – April 1, 1991) was an American modern dancer and choreographer whose influence on dance has been compared with the influence of picasso on modern visual arts, the influence of Stravinsky on music, and the influence of Frank Lloyd Wright on architecture.

She danced and choreographed for over seventy years. Graham was the first dancer to perform at the White House, travel abroad as a cultural ambassador, and receive the highest civilian award of the US: the presidential medal of freedom. In her lifetime she received honors ranging from the key to the city of Paris to Japan's Imperial Order of the Precious Crown. She said, in the 1994 documentary The Dancer Revealed, "I have spent all my life with dance and being a dancer. It's permitting life to use you in a very intense way. Sometimes it is not pleasant. Sometimes it is fearful. But nevertheless it is inevitable.

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N

Neutral standing (position)


The neutral standing position means that the feet from the dancer are spread out like a “V”.

The neutral standing position can be more or less spreaded.


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O

One to two

A transfer of weight (usually with elevation) from one leg to two legs. In ballet, this is called an assemblé.
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P

Pelvis

A complex bony structure made up of the sacrum and the left and right hip bones
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Q

Quadriceps

A group of four muscles located on the anterior (front) aspect of the thigh. The primary function of the quadriceps is to extend the knee joint.
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R

Release

The relationship of the body with gravity, and the ability to let go of unnecessary muscular tension.
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S

Sitz Bones

Also called the ischial tuberosity, these are the bones that make contact with the ground while sitting
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T

Ted Shawn

Ted Shawn (21 October 1891 — 9 January 1972), originally Edwin Myers Shawn, was one of the first notable male pioneers of American modern dance. Along with creating Denishawn with former wife Ruth St. Denis he is also responsible for the creation of the well known all-male company Ted Shawn and His Men Dancers. With his innovative ideas of masculine movement, he is one of the most influential choreographers and dancers of his day. He is also the founder and creator of Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival in Massachusetts, and "was knighted by the King of Denmark for his efforts on behalf of the Royal Danish Ballet"
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U

Upper back arch

The extension up and back of the upper body and head.
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V

Transverse plane

The plane that divides the body into upper and lower.


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W

Swinging:

Pendular movement consisting of a release with gravity, an arcing follow through, and a suspension. Usually done in a triple rhythm.
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X

Coccyx

The tailbone, which consists of three-four fused vertebrae.
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Y

Syncopation

A character of rhythm that occurs when accents occur in unexpected paces within an otherwise predictable or repetitive pattern.
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Z

Heel-sitz bones:

The energetic relationship between the heel and the bottom of the pelvis (ischial tuberosity).
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About the Author

I am an exchange student from Brazil and I am here for the school year. Being an exchange students was something I always wanted to do.

Coming to the USA was the best thing I have ever done in my life. Leaving my family and friends in Brazil was not something easy to do, but was something I knew I needed to do. Being alone in another country where you dont know anybody is like your restarting your life and begining everything again. I have a lot of plans for my future and I want to come back to go to college.