Paraguay the country of nice!
The country of Paraguay
Information about Paraguay
The ancient history of Paraguay is poorly documented, as almost no archaeological research has been done and little is known of Paraguay's pre-Columbian history. What is certain is that the eastern part of the country was occupied by Guaraní peoples for at least 1,000 years before the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Evidence indicates that these indigenous Americans developed a fairly sophisticated semi-nomadic culture consisting of several independent multivillage communities.
The first Spaniards settled in the territory in the 16th century. They were predominantly young men, as few women follo
Major cities in Paraguay:
San Lorenzo, Paraguay
Lambare, ParaguayFernando de la Mora, Paraguay
Mariano Roque Alonso, ParaguayPedro Juan Caballero, Paraguay
Villa Elisa, Paraguay
San Antonio, Paraguay
wed them to the region. Following the Spanish conquest and colonization, a large mixed (mestizo) population developed, which spoke the language of their indigenous mothers but adopted much of their fathers' Spanish culture.
Paraguay's colonial history was one of general calm punctuated by turbulent political events; the country's economy at the time made it unimportant to the Spanish crown, and the distance of its capital from other new cities on the South American continent led to isolation. Paraguay declared its independence from Spain in 1811; since then, the country has had a history of dictatorial governments, from the Utopian regime of José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia (El Supremo) to the suicidal reign of Francisco Solano López, who nearly devastated the country in warfare against the combined forces of Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay from 1865 through 1870. The so-called Paraguayan War ended in the near annihilation of Paraguay and set the stage for the formation of a two-party (Colorado vs. Liberal) political system that persists until the present day.
Airport names shown in bold indicate the airport has scheduled service on commercial airlines.
[guq] 1,360 (2007). Ethnic population: 1,500. Eastern departments of Alto Paraná and Caaguazú; Chopa Pou, Cerro Moroti, Puerto Barra, Koetuvy, Ypetimi and Arroyo bandera reservations. Alternate names: Axe, “Guaiaqui” , “Guayakí” , Guayaki-Ache, “Guoyagui”. Dialects: 6 dialects. Classification: Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup I
[ayo] 2,300 in Paraguay (2007 Perik). Population total all countries: 3,070. Chaco, northern Alto Paraguay departments. Also in Bolivia. Alternate names: Ayoré, Moro, Morotoco, Pyeta Yovai. Dialects: Tsiracua. Classification: Zamucoan
[ceg] 1,800 (2007 Perik). Northeast Chaco, east Alto Paraguay Department, Puerto Bahia Negra, Puerto Diana, Puerto Esperanza, Dos Estrellas, Fuerte Olimpo, along Paraguay River. Possibly some in Brazil. Alternate names: Ishiro, Jeywo, Yshyro. Dialects: Chamacoco Bravo (Tomaraho), Ebitoso (Ishiro). Classification: Zamucoan
[crq] 530 in Paraguay (2007 Perik). 480 monolinguals. Boquerón District, Santa Rosa Town; Mcal, Estigarribia, Pedro P. Pena, Campo Loa, Platanilia, Yakaquash, Filadelfia, Neuland. Alternate names: I’no’, Inkijwas, Manjuy. Dialects: Manjui, Choroti. Classification: Mataco-Guaicuru, Mataco
[gva] 280 (2007 Perik). Boquerón, Salado River, south of Chamacoco, north of Sanapaná, Loma Plata, Machete vayre, Castilla near Rio Mosquito, Rio Apa. Alternate names: Cashquiha, Kaskihá. Dialects: Layana (Niguecactemigi), Echoaldi (Echonoana, Chararana). Similar to Sanapaná [sap]. Classification: Mascoian
[nhd] 7,000 in Paraguay (1991). Population total all countries: 11,900. East Paraguay. Also in Argentina, Brazil. Alternate names: Apytare, Ava, Chiripá, Nhandeva, Ñandeva, Tsiripá, Txiripá. Dialects: Apapocuva. Similar to Paraguayan Guaraní [gug]. Classification: Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup I
Guaraní, Eastern Bolivian
[gun] 16,400 in Paraguay (2007 Perik). Departamentos de Caaguazú, Guairá, Caazapá, San Pedro, Concepción, Canindeyú, Itapúa, and scattered. Alternate names: Mbua, Mbyá. Classification: Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup I
[gug] 4,650,000 in Paraguay (1995). Population total all countries: 4,850,000. Also in Argentina. Alternate names: Avañe’e. Dialects: Jopará (Yopará). One Chiripá speaker [nhd] indicated it was bilingualism rather than linguistic closeness that made Paraguayan Guaraní intelligible to him. Jopará is the colloquial form mixed with Spanish loanwords, used by 90% of the population in Asunción area. Lexical similarity: 80% with Chiriguano [gui] and 75% lexical similarity with Mbyá [gun]. Classification: Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup I
[leg] 15,000 (2007 Perik). Chaco, Presidente Hayes Department, Boquerón. Alternate names: Enxet. Dialects: Northern Lengua (Eenthlit, Vowak, Lengua Norte), Southern Lengua (Lengua Sur). Differences between the 2 dialects reportedly mainly phonological and orthographic. Southern Lengua seminomadic. Classification: Mascoian
[mca] 1,500 (2000 A. Chemhey). Ethnic population: 1,500 (2000). Southwest, Presidente Hayes Department, Qemkuket; Main village north of Asunción in Mariano Roque Alonso; Par River; a changing number in a very small reserve in Ciudad del Este 4 blocks from the bridge to Brazil; Encarnación near the airfield. Alternate names: Enimaca, Enimaga, Maca, Macá, Mak’á, Maká. Classification: Mataco-Guaicuru, Mataco
[cag] 13,700 in Paraguay (1991 SIL). Population total all countries: 13,900. Chaco, Departments of Presidente Hayes and Boquerón. Also in Argentina. Alternate names: Ashlushlay, Axluslay, “Chulupe” , “Chulupí” , “Chulupie” , “Churupí” , Nivaklé. Dialects: Forest Nivaclé, River Nivaclé. Mataguayo languages in Paraguay are less similar than Mascoi languages in Paraguay (Fasold 1984). Classification: Mataco-Guaicuru, Mataco
[tpj] 2,270 in Paraguay (2007 Perik), decreasing. 1,000 monolinguals. Population total all countries: 2,440. Chaco: Laguna Negra, Santa Elena, San Lazaro, Pykasu, Nyu Guasu, Coloni 5, Santa Teresita, Marite, Loma. Also in Argentina, Bolivia. Alternate names: Guasurango, Guasurangue, Nandeva, Ñanagua, Tapiete, Tirumbae, Yanaigua. Dialects: Linguistically between Eastern Bolivian Guarani [gui] and Paraguayan Guaraní [gug]. Classification: Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Guarani I
[pta] 15,000 (2007 Perik), decreasing. East, Colonia Juan Carlos. Alternate names: Ava, Pai, Tavytera. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 70% with Kaiwá [kgk] of Brazil. Classification: Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Guarani I
[pdt] 38,000 in Paraguay. 19,000 who speak Plautdietsch and Standard German as L1. Chaco and east: Filadelfia, Menno Colony, Loma Plata, Neuland. Alternate names: Low German. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon
[sap] 6,810 (2007 Perik). 785 Sanapana, 1,085 Angaite, and 9,350 Enlit. Ethnic population: 6,814. Chaco. Sanapana north of Angaite and Lengua; Boquerón, Presidente Hayes Department, Galbán River; many at Salazar Ranch, La Patria, and Esperanza. Angaite in southeast Chaco, Presidente Hayes Department, Boquerón, San Carlos. Alternate names: Lanapsua, Quiativis, Quilyacmoc, Saapa, Sanam. Dialects: Sanapana, Angaite (Angate), Enlit (Enlhet), Covavitis (Covahloc). Lexical similarity: 85% with Northern Lengua [leg]. Classification: Mascoian
[spa] 187,000 in Paraguay (2000 WCD). Mainly Asunción, urban areas. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian
[tmf] 1,680 (2007 Perik). East Chaco, reserve of 30,000 hectares near Puerto Victoria and Puerto Guaraní. Alternate names: Cabanatit, Machicui, Quilyilhrayrom, Toba of Paraguay. Classification: Mascoian
GDP - real growth rate: 3.8% (2011 est.)
15% (2010 est.)
-3.8% (2009 est.)
Definition: This entry gives GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent.
Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 26, 2012
- GDP - real growth rate by year chart
- GDP - real growth rate rank chart
- GDP - real growth rate - comparative map
- GDP growth (annual %) - thematic map - World Bank indicator
- GDP growth (annual %) - country comparison - World Bank indicator
- GDP (purchasing power parity)
- GDP - per capita (PPP)
- GDP - composition by sector
- GDP (official exchange rate)
It's population is 6.57 million people.