Emile Durkheim

A Principal Founder of Modern Sociology

Background

Was born on April 15, 1858 in Epinal, France to a Jewish family. During his childhood he studied at the Lycee Louis le grand, a secondary school in Paris, France. Which afterwards he went to continue his education at the École normale supérieure, a higher education than public university center. After his education, he went on to teach philosophy. He later was chosen to teach Social Sciences and Pedagogy at the University of Bordeaux

Theories

  • Functionalism: societal equilibrium; if something goes wrong people need to adapt/adjust.


  • Division of Labor: shift in societies from a simple society to a complex society;


  • Mechanical Solidarity: individuals within structural units are alike; he based this off of physical science


  • Organic Solidarity: individuals needing one another for their services.


  • Anomie: the lack of normal ethics and social standards; practically started this theory when teaching sociology


Bibliography

Carls, Paul. "Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy." Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2016. <http://www.iep.utm.edu/durkheim/#SH1a>.


Encyclopedia Britannica, Editors Of. "Mechanical and Organic Solidarity."Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2016. <https://www.britannica.com/topic/mechanical-and-organic-solidarity>.


Peyre, Henri M. "Emile Durkheim." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 23 June 2007. Web. 18 Sept. 2016. <https://www.britannica.com/biography/Emile-Durkheim>.