A Principal Founder of Modern Sociology
Was born on April 15, 1858 in Epinal, France to a Jewish family. During his childhood he studied at the Lycee Louis le grand, a secondary school in Paris, France. Which afterwards he went to continue his education at the École normale supérieure, a higher education than public university center. After his education, he went on to teach philosophy. He later was chosen to teach Social Sciences and Pedagogy at the University of Bordeaux
- Functionalism: societal equilibrium; if something goes wrong people need to adapt/adjust.
- Division of Labor: shift in societies from a simple society to a complex society;
- Mechanical Solidarity: individuals within structural units are alike; he based this off of physical science
- Organic Solidarity: individuals needing one another for their services.
- Anomie: the lack of normal ethics and social standards; practically started this theory when teaching sociology
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Encyclopedia Britannica, Editors Of. "Mechanical and Organic Solidarity."Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2016. <https://www.britannica.com/topic/mechanical-and-organic-solidarity>.
Peyre, Henri M. "Emile Durkheim." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 23 June 2007. Web. 18 Sept. 2016. <https://www.britannica.com/biography/Emile-Durkheim>.