As Told By Campbell Myers
The Constitutional Convention began in May of 1787 in Philadelphia. Many states called for this convention in order to make changes and improvements to the Articles of Confederation, but was later used to help shape an entirely new government. The two main plans proposed at the Constitutional Convention were the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. Eventually the representatives were able to work out a compromise and created what is know today as the United States Constitution.
THE VIRGINIA PLAN
The Virginia Plan is a plan based off the ideas of James Madison, and favored the larger states. This plan called for three branches of government including executive, legislative, and judicial branches with each branch having the power to check the other ones. Called for strong national government with power to make laws, levy taxes, control interstate commerce, override state laws. It also called for a bicameral legislature where the amount of members was based off of state population. The lower house members are elected directly by the people whereas upper house members are selected by state legislatures.
THE NEW JERSEY PLAN
Representatives from the smaller states believed that the Virginia Plan gave too much power to the larger states, so they created the New Jersey Plan. It called for a strong central government with three branches of power, but was similar to the Articles of Confederation. The plan called for an unicameral legislature where each state would have one vote regardless of population.