First Aid

First Aid in the Wilderness

Recommended Supplies

  • Antibiotic ointment
  • Iodine OR rubbing alcohol
  • Needle (clean, sharp)
  • Scissors
  • Tweezers

Instructions

  1. Cleanse hands
  2. Swab the blister, using iodine OR rubbing alchohol
  3. Sterilize the needle by wiping it with rubbing alcohol
  4. Puncture the blister with the needle, aiming for several spots near its edges.
  5. Let the fluid drain, leaving the overlaying skin in place
  6. Apply the antibiotic ointment to the blister
  7. Cover the blister with a bandage or gauze pad
  8. After several days, cut away all the dead skin using scissors and tweezers sterilized with rubbing alcohol
  9. Apply additional ointment and a bandage to the blister

Recommended Supplies

  • Sterile, non-adhesive bandage OR clean cloth
  • Compresses
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers (acetaminophen [Tylenol], ibuprofen [Advil, Motrin], or naproxen [Aleve])

Instructions

All burns
  1. Remove constrictive clothing (belts, jewelry, and/or tight clothing) immediately (for first-degree burns).
  2. Use compresses until pain subsides.
  3. Cover burn with the bandage OR cloth, protecting burn.
  4. Give over-the-counter pain reliever.

Dangers

  • Do NOT apply butter or ointments which can cause infection

Recommended Supplies

  • Cain or Crutch (perhaps a folding one)
  • Elastic bandage
  • Ice pack

Instructions

  1. Rest the sprain, not keeping weight on it, use Cain or crutch to keep weight off it.
  2. Cool the sprain, using the ice pack
  3. Compress the sprain, using the elastic bandage
  4. Elevate the sprain above heart as often as possible throughout the first forty-eight (48) hours