Manufacturer Fibers

Part II 4.01 by Natalia Velez- Padua


Polyester is a the result of a chemical mix that was made for move more quickly the economy. Polyester is often used for outside by its high durability and tenacity. Polyester is used for a bunch of stuff, some of them are shirts, pants, jackets, hats, bed sheets, blankets, and computer mouse pad.

The characteristics of the polyester are extremely strong, very durable: resistant to most chemicals, stretching and shrinking, wrinkle resistant, mildew and abrasion resistant, is hydrophobic in nature and quick drying. It can be used for insulation by manufacturing hollow fibers, retains its shape and hence is good for making outdoor clothing for harsh climates, easily washed and dried.


Nylon is one of the most commonly used polymers. Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers known generically as aliphatic polyamides, first produced on February 28, 1935, by Wallace Carothers at DuPont's research facility at the DuPont Experimental Station. Nylon is used by its high strength fiber and it is used for making fishing nets, ropes, parachutes and type cords.

The characteristics of nylon can may vary depending the luster. Some of the characteristics are very durable, resistant to insects, fungi, and elongation. Also it is used to many military applications.


Acrylic fibers are produced from acrylonitrile, a petrochemical. The acrylonitrile is usually combined with small amounts of other chemicals to improve the ability of the resulting fiber to absorb dyes. Some uses in the apparel factory for acrylic are the sweaters, socks, fleece wear, circular knit apparel, sportswear and childrens wear.

Some characteristics of acrylic are resistant to moths, oil, and chemicals, easily washed, retains shape, and superior resistance to sunlight degradation


Rayon is a manufactured regenerated cellulose fiber. It is made from purified cellulose, primarily from wood pulp, which is chemically converted into a soluble compound. It is then dissolved and forced through a spinneret to produce filaments which are chemically solidified, resulting in synthetic fibers of nearly pure cellulose. Some uses for acrylic are accessories, blouses, dresses, jackets, lingerie, linings, millinery, slacks, sport shirts, sportswear, suits, ties, work clothes.

The rayon characteristics are highly absorbent, soft and comfortable, easy to dye, drapes well.


The synthetic fiber of acetate came for plant, also from wood pulp, and then is manipulate in a manufacturer or producers. In the apparel factory the uses are blouses, dresses, linings, wedding and party attire, home furnishings, draperies, upholstery.

The characteristics for the acetate are luxurious feel and appearance, wide range of colors and lusters, excellent drapability and softness, relatively fast drying, shrink, moth and mildew resistant.


Spandex for me is one of the most textile used because much of my stuff is made by spandex. Some uses for the spandex fiber are garments where comfort and fit are desired: hosiery, swimsuits, aerobic/exercise wear, ski pants, golf jackets, disposable diaper, waist bands, bra straps and bra side panels, compression garments: surgical hose, support hose, bicycle pants, foundation garments, shaped garments: bra cups.

Some characteristics for spandex are that it is dyeable, resistant to deterioration by body oils, perspiration, lotions or detergents, abrasion resistant, lightweight, soft, smooth, supple