Civil War Battles

Gracie Davis

Fort Sumter

Fort Sumter was a battle of the Civil War that was won by the Confederate side. It started when Robert Anderson moved his command to Fort Sumter because he was afraid of the safety of his men. Robert Anderson was the commander of the Union army. On April 12, Confederate units fired on Fort Sumter and continued to fire for 34 hours. P.G.T. Beauregard was the commander of the Confederate. On Saturday, April 13, Anderson surrendered the fort and the Confederate army won.

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The Battle of Antietam was the single bloodiest day in American military history. It started on September 17, 1862 when General Joseph Hooker’s Union corps mounted a powerful assault on Lee’s left flank. During the war, the Confederate Army was outnumbered. Because of this, Lee committed his entire force at the Battle of Antietam, while McClellan sent in less than three-quarters of his Federal force. George B. McClellan was the Union commander. Robert E. Lee was the Confederate commander. The winner of the war was inconclusive.

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The battle of Vicksburg started when Ulysses S. Grant conducted a surprise landing below Vicksburg at Bruinsburg, Mississippi. Ulysses S. Grant was the Union commander. He won this battle. John C. Pemberton was the Confederate commander. He had to retreat to Vicksburg's defenses. John Pemberton’s surrendered his forces on July 4, 1863. The union won this battle and the Union also had more men than the confederate.

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The battle of Gettysburg was a battle of of the Civil War that lasted 3 days. The confederates were lead to there second invasion of the North called the Gettysburg Campaign. They were lead by Robert E. Lee, who was the confederate commander. George G. Meade was the Union commander. About 30,000 Confederates ultimately defeated 20,000 Yankees, who fell back through Gettysburg to the hills south of town. The Union won this battle. After the battle President Lincoln said his famous historic speech The Gettysburg Address at the dedication ceremony for the Gettysburg Soldiers.

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Sherman's March to the Sea

On July 21 Sherman’s three armies were still separated. William T. Sherman was the Union commander. Hood planned for his forces to drop back from their outer lines into the main border around the city on the night of July 21-22. John Bell Hood was the confederate commander. The second Union army commander killed during the war was killed during Sherman's March to the Sea bib Corporal Coleman. The Union won this battle.

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Fort Fisher

This was the second Fort Fisher. Union forces landed and prepared an attack on Maj. Gen. who was Robert Hoke’s line of soldiers. The Union commander was Alfred H. Terry and David Dixon Porter. The Confederate commander was Braxton Bragg and Robert F. Hoke. The Confederate troops surrendered, opening the way for a Federal force against Wilmington. That would be the South's last open seaport on the Atlantic coast. The Union won this battle after the confederate surrendered.

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Appomattox Court House

Union soldiers began arriving from the west and south, completing Lee’s surround. The confederate commander was Robert E. Lee. General Ulysses S. Grant’s goal of cutting off and destroying Lee’s army was close at hand. The Union commander was Ulysses S. Grant. Lee ordered his troops to retire through the village and back across the Appomattox River. Lee decided to surrender the Army of Northern Virginia. The Union won this battle after the surrender.

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All information and pictures from,. 'The Battle Of Fort Sumter Summary & Facts | Civilwar.Org'. N.p., 2015. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.