The Affects of Oil Spills

By: Eugene Chin

Oil Spills

Oil spills are accidents that happen in the sea or ocean or anywhere that cause harm to the environment. “Oil” is also known as “Petroleum” is used for many things. A few uses are everyday things such as fueling cars, planes, helicopters, heating, electricity generation, asphalt and road oil.

Why are Oil Spills so bad?

Oil Spills are very bad and as you can see here are some of the reasons. It is hard to clean up, Bad Environmentally, Socially and Economically, Wastes Oil and Water becomes polluted. Another fact about Oil is that it does not have a pH since oil does not contain water, and pH is to measure “Hydrogen ion” (H+).

How Oil spills affect the Society.

How oil spills affect humans is because oil is half-volatile, meaning that it can evaporate into the air and creates a heavy vapor, which stays close to the surface; the human breathing space. When the wind picks up oily seawater, the spray contains tiny droplets of oil. These droplets are small enough to be inhaled into our lungs. Unlucky humans who breathe it in may suffer from nausea, headaches, vomiting and difficulty breathing.

How Oil spills affect the Environment.

Oil spills damage beaches and marshlands. When the oil washes up onto beaches, it clings to the rocks and sand. It is not fit to sit on for humans and animals. When the oil comes into the Marshlands, mangrove forests or other Wetlands absorb the oil it damages the plants and make the whole area unsuitable for wildlife habitat as well as killing the area around it. The area becomes too polluted for animals to live in as well as for sightseeing.

How Oil spills affect the Economy.

Oil spills affect Economy in many ways. For example, if a restaurant uses oil to cook the food and the oil spills it could destroy the kitchen and end up burning the place. This will surely affect the Economy of the restaurant for paying to reconstruct or build a new one. It also affects the Society because the explosion may cause damage to nearby homes.

How to clean up an Oil Spill

Cleaning up an Oil Spill is no easy task. However these are some methods that will help clean an Oil Spill.

1. Leave the oil alone for it to be broken down by natural means if there is no way the oil will pollute coasts and other places. The combination of wind, sun, current and wave activity will usually disperse the oil.

2. Use booms to help collect water from the surface using skimming equipment. The oil will naturally weld together forming a layer about 3mm thick. However booms are not very effective if there is high winds and high seas.

How to clean up an Oil Spill p.2

3. Use dispersants to breakup the oil and speed up the biodegradation. The dispersants reduce the surface tension that stops the oil and water from mixing. droplets of oil are formed which helps dilute of oil by water movements, making it easier to clean.

Tourism

Another thing that Oil Spill affects are countries that rely on tourism. These countries need people to come visit them and buy the merchandise. If the oil spill happens near a tourist attraction, naturally there will be little tourists, affecting the economy heavily.

Bibliography

Information on Oil Spills: Given my intelligence some of the information were things I already knew. Other information are on sites shown below.

IXTOC 1 picture:Digital image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://oceanworld.tamu.edu/resources/oceanography-book/Images/ixtox1.jpg
Statistics picture: [Digital image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.safety4sea.com/images/media/2014/ITPF-_statistics.jpg

Atlantic Empress: [Digital image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://archive.fortune.com/assets/i2.cdn.turner.com/money/galleries/2010/fortune/1005/gallery.expensive_oil_spills.fortune/images/atlantic_empress.co.jpg

1st Citation: What is Oil Used For? (n.d.). Retrieved March 13, 2016, from http://alaska.conocophillips.com/what-we-do/oil-production/Pages/what-is-oil-used-for.aspx

2nd Citation: Solomon, G. (2010, May 1). The Gulf Oil Spill: Human Health is Affected Too. Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://switchboard.nrdc.org/blogs/gsolomon/the_gulf_oil_spill_human_healt.html

3rd Citation: How Oil Harms Animals and Plants in Marine Environments. (2016, March 28). Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/oil-and-chemical-spills/oil-spills/how-oil-harms-animals-and-plants-marine-environments.html

4th Citation: West, L. (2016, April 6). 5 Ways Oil Spills Hurt the Environment. Retrieved April 7, 2016, from http://environment.about.com/od/petroleum/a/oil_spills_and_environment.htm

5ht Citation: How do you clean up an oil spill? (2016, April 10). Retrieved April 10, 2016, from http://www.ceoe.udel.edu/oilspill/cleanup.html