Desertification in Africa

Fix the Cracks Organization

About us:

The Fix the Cracks Organization was founded by a young lady named Aierial Todd. She was inspired by her 7th grade social studies teacher ,Ms. Stoll. Fix The Cracks Organization focuses on 2 things, Desertification and African families living in harsh conditions and or areas such as the Sahel and the Sahara. #Africa #Fixthecracks

What is Desertification?

The process by which fertile land becomes desert, typically as a result of drought, deforestation, or inappropriate agriculture.
Big image

Causes of Desertification

  • Overgrazing-

Graze (grassland) so heavily that the vegetation is damaged and the ground becomes liable to erosion.

  • Incorrect Irrigation-

Incorrect Irrigation in Arid Regions Causes a Build Up of Salt in the Soil. Incorrect irrigation is commonly used in poorer areas. Farmers are using canal irrigation and other poor techniques because of the lack of water.

  • Destruction of Plants in Dry Regions-

Destruction of plants in dry regions is causing desertification to occur. People are cutting down tress to use them as a source of fuel. Once all these trees are cut down there is nothing to protect the soil. Therefore, it turns to dust and is blown away by the wind.

Effects of Desertification

  • Soil becomes unusable-

The soil can be blown away by wind or washed away rain. Nutrients in the soil can be removed by wind or water. Salt can build up in the soil which makes it harder for plant growth.

  • Vegetation is Lacked or Damaged-

Loosened soil may bury plants or leave their roots exposed. Also, when overgrazing occurs, plant species may be lost.

  • People near Affected Area-

Desertification can cause flooding, poor water quality, dust storms, and pollution. All of these effects can hurt people living near an affected region.

Loosened soil may bury plants or leave their roots exposed. Also, when overgrazing occurs, plant species may be lost.

  • Food Loss-

The soil is not suited for growing food; therefore the amount of food being made will decline. If the population is growing, this will cause economic problems and starvation.

  • Causes Famine-

Places that have war and poverty are most likely to have famine occur. Drought and poor land management contribute to famine.

Facts and Statistics:

- More than 35 percent of the land area of Ghana is prone to desertification. Recent research indicates that the land area prone to desertification/drought in the country has almost doubled during last two decades.

-Desertification is especially important problem in Africa. Two-thirds of the continent is desert or dry lands, and 74 percent of its agricultural dry lands are already seriously or moderately degraded.

Big image
Big image

Solutions to reverse Desertification

-The Great Green Wall is a project adopted in 2007 by the African Union, in response to the problem of desertification,degradation of the soil and poverty in the Sahel-Saharan region.

It envisage a strip of forest about 9 miles wide on average that would link Dakar on the Atlantic coast with Djibouti on the Red Sea in the east. The wall would be more than 4,400 miles long.

The 11 countries involved in the project are Burkina Faso, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Sudan.

-Stop cutting down trees (deforestation).

-Reduce the amount of people in one area.

-Its important that we fence off some of the young trees to prevent grazing by animals (overgrazing).

The Great Green Wall - La Grande Muraille Verte