FRIDTJOF NANSEN

By: Andres Martinez Cabral Torres

Fridtjof Nansen was born in Oslo, Norway in October 10, 1861 and died May 13 of 1930

Education

Nansen was a skillful drawer and lover of the nature, he wrote many books and made many sketches during his trips to Greenland. He studied in the University of Oslo Major in zoology in 1881

Oceanographer and Curator

In 1882 he traveled to Greenland, in a four month trip, he stayed in the east coast of Greenland, during this time he took notes and drew sketches about nature. He had the ambition to cross Greenland, specially to get and know the center of this country. After six years of study and work finally his dreams became true. In June of 1888, with a party of six men, Nansen sailed to Greenland, the trip consisted to cross Greenland from the east to the west. On October of the same year they arrived west. From there he made some really awesome investigations, he knew there was another place to go and knew the route, this place was the North Pole.

The first one to arrive

He came back to his nation with the ambition to reach The North Pole. In 1893 with the attempt of reaching The north pole he sailed from Norway in a specially built ship called "Fram", with a party of twelve men and enough supplies for six years. On March 14 of 1895, Nansen and Johansen(crew member) got off the ship in a sled and made their way to the pole. After Traveling about 230km, Nansen and Johansen made it as close as 86º14, closer than anyone else had been. In August 1896 they went back to Norway. During the lapse of this three years the group of twelve made memorable observations.

Politician and Humanitarian

After being recognized as a hero in his country, in 1905 Nansen became a politician. He helped Norway gain independence from Sweden, then he became Norway minister for the Great Britain. He held many oceanographic expeditions to the polar region but The World War stop him from doing this. He helped about 450,000 war prisoners, in 1921 he helped a many Russian families from dying from famine. He helped about 22 million people. For all his humanitarian help he won the Nobel Peace Price in 1922. He worked for the people until his death in May 13, 1930