John Locke

An Informational Piece by Lyna Ammagui

About John (biography)

Born-August 29, 1632

Death-October 28, 1704

Home Country- United Kingdom

Family

Father- John Locke

Mother- Agnes Keene

Brother- Thomas Locke

Fun Facts!

-He attended the famous Winchester school in London, and the University of Oxford

-also known as the "Father of Classical Liberalism

-As a philosopher, he was one of the biggest influences of The Enlightenment

Quote #1

"We are like chameleons, we take our hue and the color of our moral character, from those who are around us."- When John Locke said this, he was saying that, the people that surround us and that we spend most of our time with are what builds our personality and how we want to be. Like taking a souvenir from every place you visit, we take a piece of character from the people you meet to create our character. Since his parents were Puritans, he grew up to be one,too

Quote #2

"All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions."- Probably the most famous John Locke quote (from the Second Treatise of Government) , this relates to his idea on being born as a 'blank slate'. He believes that everyone is born with the right to life, liberty and property, but, as soon as he commits a crime or harms anyone, his rights could be taken away.

Quote #3

"For it is to be Remembred, That no Man borrows Money, or pays Use, out of mere Pleasure..."- This quote from Locke's work on 'The Consequences of Lowering of Interest', I think this is telling us not to take advantage of people and their money. John was a strong believer of fairness and equality, so he believed people shouldn't take advantage of people and their money.

Quote #4

"New opinions are always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other reason but because they are not already common."- I think this quote means that when people were't as open-minded back then, most new somewhat odd concepts or ideas were seen as illogical 'just because'. For example a lot of scientific ideas were seen as crazy or idiotic but, now they may be proven facts. When Locke showed his ideas to the people, some might have though a government like that could never run successfully, but, now, our government is run based on these laws and we are very successful.

Quote #5

"What worries you masters you."- I think this quote means you shouldn't let anxiety overcome you. You can't allow yourself to dwell on the problems and troubles in your life or else your daily routines will be interrupted by your worrisome mind.

Last Quote...

“Every man has a property in his own person. This nobody has a right to, but himself.”- This quote gives a basic understanding of what he believed. Governments should not be allowed to own everything, including yourself. In the Second Treatises of Government, he talks about how people are born with the basic rights.

How Locke Influenced the U.S.

When John Locke became a philosopher, he influenced many people, including the Founding Fathers when they wrote the Constitution. His work on Natural Rights is used in the government now because our basic rights are Life, Liberty, and Property. Along with being born with these rights, comes the responsibility of not harming anyone or committing a crime, or else these rights will be taken away. This 'trade', known as the social contract is also used in our government laws now. For example, whenever someone steals, or commits a crime, in general, they go to jail or are put on probation, which is having your freedom taken away. In Conclusion, John Locke was an important contribution to the writing of the Constitution because his ideas are the basic ways of our US Government.

More About John

He also attended the University of Oxford to study medicine. His father had great connections to the English Government, therefore he received a great education. In 1668, he was selected to be a member of the Royal Society, after that, he graduated with a Bachelor in Medicine.

Summary

By looking at all these things that Locke has said in life , we can tell he was a very wise man. In hs excerpts from'An Essay Concerning Human Understanding' , he was very concerned on how society worked and how people looked at each other, and he wanted to change things. He was a well-educated man and attended two very famous Schools in England.