The man with the code.
Hammurabi thought that his code was just. I would beg to differ.
One of his laws was: If a surgeon has operated with a bronze lacet on a free man for a serious injury and causes his death. His hands hands shall be cut off. This is not my idea of just. If a surgeion causes the death of a man, it was an honest mistake. It does not call for cutting-off of any limbs.
Another of his laws was just as injust.
If a son has struck his father, his hands shall be crit off. Not cool Hammurabi. A son striking his father does not call for any punishents that involve critting. Just ground him!
Hammurabi was a powerful man. The Babylonians thought he was chosen by gods. If he really had been chosen by the god of justice, then his laws would be just.
Hammurabi's code was full of situations that do not warent such a harsh punishment. It is very injust. Punishments for simple mistakes or incidents jave punishments like death and limb-cutting-off-age.
You could argue that his punishments were not harsh at the time. But, that doesn't make it just.
If a surgeon loses his patient that is a sad mistake. You can't save everybody. Yet, Hammiurabi saw it as "He has killed this man! His hands shall be cut off." The only thing worse than his punishments were the Queen Of Heart's punishments. Off with his head!