Bali Tiger Goes Extinct

By Grace Connell and Tiffiny Sakahara

History, Discovery and Extinction of

The Bali tigers scientific name is Panthera tigris balica and it was found in the islands of Bali in indonesia. The last tiger was seen in 1937 in the western part of the island

Biogeographical information

The Bali Tiger was originally found on a small island in Indonesia called Bali. The tiger's size and aggressiveness towards the human villagers caused it to be feared in the culture and hunted. Villagers also realized the value of the tiger parts and began hunting them for profit rather than protection.

The Bali tiger was the smallest tiger of the eight subspecies and had a slow breeding rate. There was a 2 and a half year time period in between each birth and out of the three cubs born many would die from natural causes.

The original population of the Bali tiger was confined to that singular island, so the size was very small. The Bali tiger's body dimensions made it hard to hide from humans.

The tigers also required large tracts of land from the 2,232 square miles of the island. One tiger would need about 10-20 square miles.The appearance of the tiger was orange with black stripes, large paws, long sharp claws, prolonged canines and flat incisors.

Causes of Extinction

  • Decrease in habitat
  • Low birth rate
  • Over hunting
  • Lived on an island
  • Trapped in by humans
  • Killing tigers was profitable to human population

Prevention of extinction

The villagers of the island of Bali could have prevented the extinction of the tiger. Establishing a national park would have provided the tigers with a place to live free from human involvement. The island of Bali should have limited the hunting of the tiger and the global market for tigers should have also been controlled.

Ecological effects

The Bali tiger was the main carnivore in the ecosystem of the Bali island. The tiger mainly consumed rusa deer, indian muntijac and wild boar that were on the island. The tiger consuming these organisms allowed the plants to be able to spread without being eaten.


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"The Bali Tiger - Panthera Tigris Balica." The Bali Tiger - Panthera Tigris Balica. N.p. n.d. Web. 17 Feb 2016