Concussions

Jon Russell

Definition of Concussion

A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that happens when you hit your head on a hard surface.

How Concussions Occur

A concussion occurs by some athletic people that play sports like football,soccer.These sports have physical contact with the head.The people that don't play sports can still get a concussion by slipping or hitting their head on a hard object.

How Dose The Brain Work

The brain has tissues but when you have a concussion some tissues tear and that happens when you hit your head, The skull tears the tissues because the brain moves around in you head but the brain is surrounded by a fluid that acts like rubber that makes it so when you hit your head but not a hard hit,it helps for your brain.

What Happens to Your Brain During a Concussion

When you get the concussion you can pass out but when you have a concussion you have to sleep a lot and you cant play any sports for a while. But when you have a concussion and you hit your head again you could die if you hit your head for a second time.

High School Sports


5-10% of athletes will get a concussion


Fewer than 10% of sport related concussions involve a Loss of Consciousness


Football is the most common sport to get a concussion (75% chance for concussion)Soccer is the most sport that people can get a concussion(50% chance for concussion)


78% of concussions occur during games



Headaches (85%) and Dizziness (70-80%)

47% of athletes do not report feeling any symptoms while hit with the object.

Signs and Symtoms

signs
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • headache
  • furry or blurry vision
  • dizziness
  • sensitive to light or noise
  • balance problems
  • feeling tired or no energy

symptoms

  • stiff neck
  • sleepy/hard to wake up
  • fever
  • fluid or blood leaking from nose or ears
  • problems walking or talking
  • change in behavior or unusual behavior
  • vomiting three or more times

Treatments

  • rest
  • call the doctor right away
  • don't attend any sports or activities
  • Minor injury - no treatments just let it treat itself for 7-10 days or it might take a month to heal
  • Major injury - bleeding under the skull or bleeding in the brain or if you have a fractured skull than go to the hospital or if needed call 911

Prognosis

Somebody that has a concussion could die if it is repeated.The person who has the repeated concussion could live but the concussion won't go away until the swelling of the brain heals.
Sport Science: NFL Concussions and helmet to hemet collisions

Cites

Works Cited


"Concussion Management at Advanced Vision Therapy Center Boise Idaho Assesses and Treats Vision Conditions Caused by Concussions in Meridian, Eagle, Nampa, Caldwell, Kuna, Mountain Home and Idaho." Concussion Management at Advanced Vision Therapy Center Boise Idaho Assesses and Treats Vision Conditions Caused by Concussions in Meridian, Eagle, Nampa, Caldwell, Kuna, Mountain Home and Idaho. Web. 13 Jan. 2015. <http://www.advancedvisiontherapycenter.com/services/sports_vision/concussion_management/>.

"Fuze Magazine." Fuze Magazine. Web. 14 Jan. 2015. <http://fuzemagazinecf.com/heads-up-about-concussions/>.

|, Peter Keating. "Concussion Test May Not Be panacea." ESPN. ESPN Internet Ventures. Web. 12 Jan. 2015. <http://espn.go.com/espn/otl/story/_/id/8297794/neuropsychological-testing-concussions-not-panacea>.

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000799.htm


http://www.aans.org/patient%20information/conditions%20and%20treatments/concussion.aspx


http://www.concussiontreatment.com/concussionfacts.html#sfaq2


http://kidshealth.org/parent/firstaid_safe/home/concussions.html


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001802/

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