New Caledonia

Bethany Flick

Landforms

  • Terrain of Grande Terre
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Mount Panie
  • Diahot River
  • Baie d'Harcourt

Climates

  • Tropical climate
  • Modified by south-easterly winds
  • Hot & humid period from November to March
  • Cooler & dry period from June to August
  • Precipitations differ within the island
  • Between December & April tropical depressions & cyclones can cause winds to exceed a speed of 62 mph

Plants & Animals

Natural Resources

  • Nickel
  • Chrome
  • Iron
  • Cobalt
  • Manganese
  • Silver
  • Gold
  • Lead
  • Copper

History

  • Islands were originally settled by the Lapita people
  • They arrived in New Caledonia in 1500 B.C.
  • The Polynesians arrived in the 1000s B.C.
  • Europeans arrived & began to settle in the 19th century
  • In 1853 New Caledonia became a French colony

People & Languages

  • Languages - French, Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
  • Ethnic groups - Melanesian 44.1%, European 34.1%, Wallisian & Futunian 9%, Tahitian 2.6%, Indonesian 2.5%, Vietnamese 1.4%, Ni-Vanuatu 1.1%, other 5.2%

Land use

  • Arable land - 0.32%
  • Permanent crops - 0.22%
  • Other - 99.46%

Religion & Education

  • Religion - Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%
  • Education - aged 6 or over & having attained: no formal schooling 5.2%, primary 52.5%, secondary 37.8%, higher 4.5%, literate population aged 15 or over 33,238 or 57.9%

Traditions, Customs, & Foods

  • Offering a small gift to the tribe chief as a sign of respect
  • Woodcarving
  • Basketry
  • Food - yams, taros, bananas, & sweet potatoes
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Current issues/challenges

  • Erosion caused by mining exploitation & forest fires