Enlightenment Museum

Life In the 1700's

Music

Gallant:


In the 1700’s, French and Italian composers used gallant style; a simple yet more direct style of music. During this time period, composers wanted to create music that was less complicated, and easy to understand.


Sentimental:


In Germany, a similar style called “sentimental style” was composed. This style reflected feelings and situations people were experiencing in everyday life. New styles during the Classical period had simpler harmony, and cleaner clearer tonality.


Opera:


The popular type of opera audiences enjoyed during this period was comic opera, or light opera. This type of opera often light, not delicate subject matter - where the ending often has a happy resolution.

Bach

Toccata and Fugue in D Minor (Best Version Ever)

Handel

Handel - "Messiah"/ The Choir of King's College, Cambridge.

Mozart

W.A.Mozart Eine kleine Nachtmusik (Complete) Slovak Chamber Orchestra

Art

Prior to the 18th century, the common style of art was baroque. This style included large, bright, elegant paintings, usually of Archangels, and men on horses. The Enlightenment lead to neoclassical styles, “neo” meaning new and “classical” referring to a style used by Greece and Rome. The paintings were much more simpler compared to baroque artworks. Neoclassical artwork drew upon Western classical art and culture.

Baroque

A style of European architecture, music, and art of the 17th and 18th centuries. In architecture the period is shown in the palace of Versailles and by the work of Bernini in Italy. It owed much to Renaissance art and architecture and the intervening phase, mannerism. It was also influenced by the antique- Greek art, Greek architecture, and Roman art and architecture. This style of art was frequently shown in churches, until for a period of time it was banded. The Protestants banned this work of art because the said it went against the commandment, for illegal worship of idols portrayed through artwork. Soon after though, the art was aloud back into the church and became a part of European culture.

Rococo

The Rococo Movement was an art movement that began in France and spread throughout the world. Rococo affected many aspects of the arts including sculpture, painting, architecture, interior design, theatre, decor, literature, and music. The style was much more simpler and less complex than the Baroque style. Differentiating in the smallness of scale, delicacy of color, freedom of brushwork, and the selection of playful subjects as thematic material.

Peasant Life

For a peasant, your life does not get very glamorous. A peasant is an agricultural worker who generally owns or rents only a small plot of land. A peasant works for the owner of the entire land, in return for a small plot of their own land. Peasants were considered the lower class, and were not ever allow to come above that. You were born into being a peasant. For entertainment, peasants often found themselves playing or making music, having feasts, or playing games like chess. Food for peasants usually did not get very fancy. Meals would consisted of grains like bread and rice. This food was inexpensive and easy to make. It did not take many appliances, that were fairly expensive, to cook.
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Works Cited

Works Cited

“The Baroque Age.” EHS. CODECOGS, n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. <https://share.ehs.uen.org/node/10221>.

“George Frederic Handel.” NNDB. Soylent Communications, n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. <http://www.nndb.com/people/946/000091673/>.

“Johann Sebastain Bach.” Grolier. Scholastic Inc., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. <http://go.grolier.com/>.

“Johann Sebastian Bach.” Bio. A&E, n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. <http://www.biography.com/people/johann-sebastian-bach-9194289>.

“Johann Sebastian Bach.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation Inc., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Sebastian_Bach>.

“Johann Sebastian Bach Biography.” Bio. A&E, n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. <http://www.biography.com/people/johann-sebastian-bach-9194289>.

“Music of Classical Period.” About Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. <http://musiced.about.com/od/historyofmusic/a/classicalmusic.htm>.

“Peasants Working.” ArtNC. North Carolina Museum of Art, n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. <http://artnc.org/works-of-art/peasant-spreading-manure>.

“Rococo.” Wikimedia. Wikimedia Inc., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rococo>.

“Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.” Enchanted Learning. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. <http://www.enchantedlearning.com/music/bios/mozart/>.

“Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Inc., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart>.