Great Barrier Reef

Jordan Haley

The Great Barrier Reef

The Great Barrier Reef is located between 15 to 150 kilometres off the north-eastern coast of Queensland, Australia in the Coral Sea in the Pacific Ocean. It extends from the tip of Cape York Peninsula in the north to Bundaberg in the south. This is a length of nearly 2,300 km.

Marine Life

• 1500 species of fish, including sharks
• 360 types of coral
• 5,000 molluscs (like clams and the sea slug)
• 215 species of birds
• 17 species of sea snake
• 6 species of sea turtle (all listed as threatened)
• 600 species of echinoderm ( starfish)
• 30 species of cetaceans (whales and dolphins)
• 22 species of sea birds and 32 species of shorebirds





Things to do:

There are a diverse range of tourism operations in the Great Barrier Reef including day tours, overnight and extended tours, snorkelling, scuba diving and fishing charters, long range roving tours, aircraft or helicopter tours, bare boats (self-sail), glass-bottomed boat viewing, semi-submersibles and educational trips, cruise ships, beach hire and water sports, passenger ferries, whale watching and swimming with dolphins.


Human Threats to the Great Barrier Reef

These reefs take thousands of years to form. People can easily damage them by:

• Walking on them
• Dropping anchors on them
• Dragging diving gear over them
• Breaking them and taking them as souvenirs
• Knocking and grounding boats on them

Fortunately strict guidelines are presently enforced on all tour operators to ensure the protection of this vital natural asset.