Adaptations to Geographical Problem

by: Michael Hull & Shay Johnson

Adapting to Flooding: The Alequeva Dam

The Alequeva Dam is the main way Europeans adapt to flooding! It is located at the Guadiana river in the Alentejo region. It was opened in 2002 to help stop the flow of water (flooding). Not only is it located on the largest artificial lake in Europe, its also the biggest dam in Portugal as well as the biggest hydroelectic power plant! This is a major way of adapting to flooding in Europe because they have turned a problem into a solution. They took the strong currrents of the flooding water and made it into energy. They also gain a lot of money because the Alequeva Dam is a popular tourist spot in Europe. The farmers in the area use it for irrigation as well. Without the dam, they would have continued to live with the flooding of the Guidiana River.

Adapting to the Alps

Landslide - Swiss Alps

Adapting to Earthquakes

Italy and Greece are earthquake hot spots in Europe. In May 2012, two major earthquakes occurred in Italy, causing 26 deaths and widespread damage. People have adapted to them by looking at the impact of earthquakes on buildings to design structures to minimize the damage. Existing structures can be modified to improve their resistance to earthquakes too! Energy-absorbing crossbracing is used to help minimize the earthquake damage and help large buildings continue work without interuption. Also people add strain-absorbing links to the building that are the first to take the strain from the earthquake. Add one of those 2 things to a building, and the whole building is saved from the strain and force of an earthquake!

Adapting to Volcanic Areas

Iceland is home to many active volcanos. The volcano Eyjafjallajökull is the most active one there. People adapt to its erruptions in many ways. After the day of erruption, ash falls over Europe. Ash is made up of tiny pieces of glassy sand and dust that could harm you if you inhale them. The ash spreads all across Eruope by the winds that carry it. The main way people in Europe adapt to the ash by wearing masks and staying inside.
Iceland volcano erupting, 2010

Essential Question: How have Europeans adapted to fight geographical anomalies in their environments?