Bold School-Chapters 9 & 11
October 16th--Worked Examples & Reciprocal Teaching
What it is...
Reciprocal teaching refers to an instructional activity in which students become the teacher in small group sessions. Teachers model, then help students learn to guide discussions using four strategies:predicting, clarifying, questioning, and summarizing. (Effect Size .74)
- Teachers must coach students through the process of student to student communication.
- Reciprocal teaching is for any discipline.
- Students should work in groups of four or five.
- Students must do the questioning.
And what it is NOT...
- Even though it is a close reading strategy, it is NOT just for the ELA content area. Students read in EVERY AREA of their studies. Comprehension is KEY in every discipline!
"For our students to gain the competencies they need for success in their LIVES, we must all consider ourselves literacy teachers."
- Reciprocal Teaching can be boiled down to just kids teaching kids. If teachers just throw this instructional strategy out to students without modeling, it will not hit the effect size of .74.
Example Steps of Reciprocal Teaching
- Student groups make a PREDICTION about what they will be reading in a shared group PPT. Students must say why they made their prediction.
- Student then scan but do not read explicitly to look for unfamiliar words and put these in to the PPT. Students work together to CLARIFY the meaning of the unfamiliar words.
- Students read the assigned text and develop QUESTIONS: a "right there"question, a "between the lines" question, and a critical thinking question. Student groups exchange questions to answer.
- Student come to consensus and work together to create a succinct SUMMARY. This could be tweeted to the teacher.
Worked Examples Must Haves
- Worked examples must outline a step-by-step process while also specifically explaining the thought process behind it.
- Technologies must be leveraged to let students review a worked example as many times as necessary to understand and retain the content.
- Worked examples should alternate with practice problems. Students should analyze examples then toggle to practicing themselves.